Hyzaar is an effective strong preparation which is taken in treatment of hypertension disease. Hyzaar acts as anti-hypertension remedy. Hyzaar operates by reducing blood pressure.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Losartan.
Hyzaar is created by pharmacy specialists to combat hypertension disease. Target of Hyzaar is to control level of blood pressure.
Hyzaar acts as anti-hypertension remedy. Hyzaar operates by reducing blood pressure.
Hyzaar is also known as Losartan potassium, Hydrochlorothiazide, Cosart-H.
Hyzaar consists of Losartan and Hydrochlorothiazide. Losartan is an angiotensin II receptor antagonist. Hydrochlorothiazide is a diuretic.
Generic name of Hyzaar is Hydrochlorothiazide and Losartan.
Brand name of Hyzaar is Hyzaar.
You should take it orally with water.
It is better to take Hyzaar once a day at the same time with meals or without it.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Hyzaar suddenly.
If you overdose Hyzaar and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Hyzaar overdosage: fainting, feeling lightheaded, rapid heartbeat.
Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Hyzaar are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Hyzaar if you are allergic to its components.
Do not take Hyzaar if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Hyzaar can harm your baby.
Try to be careful with Hyzaar usage in case of having liver or kidney disease, heart failure, diabetes, asthma, high blood levels, lupus, gout.
Try to be careful with Hyzaar usage in case of taking such medication as diuretics; lithium as Eskalith, Lithobid; colestipol as Colestid; phenobarbital as Luminal, Solfoton; cholestyramine as Questran; aspirin; oral steroids as dexamethasone (Decadron, Dexone), prednisone (Deltasone), methylprednisolone (Medrol); insulin or oral medications for diabetes; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs); potassium supplements; medications for high blood pressure; narcotic pain medications.
Use Hyzaar with great care in case you want to undergo an operation (dental or any other).
If you want to achieve most effective results without any side effects it is better to avoid alcohol.
Do not stop taking Hyzaar suddenly.
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The aim of this study was to compare the differences in the levels of a highly sensitive cardiac troponin T (Hs-cTnT) between Losartan (LOS) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) and amlodipine. Seventy-eight hypertensive patients were randomized to receive LOS/HCTZ or amlodipine for 8 weeks. Both treatments decreased clinic and 24-hour blood pressure to the same extent. The Hs-cTnT level was significantly reduced in the amlodipine group (P < .05), but such a reduction was not found in the LOS/HCTZ group in the upper half group of Hs-cTnT level at baseline. Amlodipine had a more beneficial effect than LOS/HCTZ in patients with high Hs-cTnT levels.
In patients with diabetes, sodium reabsorption in the renal tubules is enhanced, which leads to the development of salt-sensitive hypertension. Therefore, the concurrent use of a diuretic that promotes sodium excretion can increase the antihypertensive effects of other drugs. This study demonstrated that switching from high-dose ARB treatment to losartan/hydrochlorothiazide combination therapy results in significant control of blood pressure.
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eGFR values declined significantly during the first 3 months, and changes in eGFR were assessed according to tertiles of the eGFR decrease ratio at 3 months. Only the high eGFR decrease (1st tertile) group showed significantly greater decreases in baseline eGFR and albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) during the first 3 months. Additionally, the assessment according to tertiles of the baseline eGFR showed a signifcant decrease in eGFR and ACR during the first 3 months in the high baseline eGFR (1st tertile) group, but not in the moderate (2nd tertile) and low baseline eGFR (3rd tertile) groups.
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The results of these bioavailability studies indicate that the test formulation of losartan/hydrochlorothiazide 50 + 12.5 mg (EPR0001) tablets is bioequivalent to marketed Preminent® reference formulation in Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers, when administered under fasting conditions. Both test and reference formulations were well tolerated as a single oral dose when administered to healthy adult subjects under fasted conditions. Although Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers are ethnically different, results of these studies indicate that pharmacokinetic parameters of Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers are comparable to each other in terms of bioavailability of losartan, losartan carboxylic acid and hydrochlorothiazide. Similar least square means ratios were obtained in Asian Indian and Japanese volunteers demonstrating that a bioequivalence study conducted on Japanese volunteers seems to be substituted by Asian Indian volunteers' studies.
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The study was a prospective, multicenter, observational trial exploring the antihypertensive effect of a single tablet of LOS 50 mg/HCTZ 12.5 mg. A total of 228 patients whose BP had previously been treated with more than one antihypertensive agents without having achieved BP goal below 130/80 mmHg enrolled in the study.
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Losartan potassium was the first in a new class of potent angiotensin II receptor antagonists which are well-tolerated in the treatment of hypertension. Losartan potassium is the active ingredient in tablets COZAAR and is combined with diuretic co-active hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in tablets HYZAAR for increased efficacy. Losartan potassium has one main impurity and two primary degradates. HCTZ has one major degradate as well as two common process impurities. Historically, separate methods have been used for the analysis of each active and their respective impurities and degradates. The ultimate goal of this work was to develop and validate a single high-performance liquid chromatography method selective for the eight main components of tablets HYZAAR. A single method was developed to afford simultaneous quantitation of actives and degradates for each of the two existing formulations. Each method is presented herein and demonstrated to be suitable for quantitation to 0.1% levels of all relevant degradates, as well as 100% levels of respective drug substances.
This multicenter, prospective, observational study assessed the renoprotective effects of losartan/thiazide combination therapy in terms of lowering the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).
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Achieving adequate blood pressure (BP) control often requires more than one antihypertensive agent. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a fixed-dose formulation of losartan (LOS) plus hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) (LOS/HCTZ) is effective in achieving a greater BP lowering in patients with uncontrolled hypertension.
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An observational analysis from a randomized controlled trial.
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We evaluated the efficacy of amlodipine and olmesartan (A/O; Azor) versus losartan and hydrochlorothiazide (L/H; Hyzaar), on changes in serum and urine biomarkers of inflammation and oxidation, neutrophil reactive oxygen species generation, and changes in systolic blood pressure (BP), diastolic BP, and heart rate as measured with 24 hours ambulatory BP monitoring in a high-risk, hypertensive African-American population with the metabolic syndrome. Sixty-six African-American subjects with Stage 1 and 2 hypertension and characteristics of the metabolic syndrome were treated in open-label, active comparator fashion for 20 weeks. After 14 weeks of therapy, treatment with A/O had a significant effect on reducing the production of reactive oxygen series, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, F2 isoprostane, myeloperoxidase, and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance while L/H treatment only significantly lowered levels of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 and homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance. Treatment with A/O showed a trend of a more immediate and sustained systolic and diastolic BP-lowering, as well as night time BP reduction. In addition to a trend toward lower blood pressure, treatment with A/O in comparison with L/H has superior efficacy in reducing reactive oxygen species generation and production of inflammatory and oxidative biomarkers in a hypertensive African-American population with features of the metabolic syndrome.
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Physicians prescribed Lo/HCTZ for patients with hypertension who failed to achieve target BP values of < 140/90 mmHg and < 130/80 mmHg in patients with diabetes or chronic kidney disease, respectively, with antihypertensive drugs including an angiotensin receptor blocker.
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Of 60 patients with a mean BP of 173.3 ± 1.7/98.4 ± 1.2 mmHg, 59 were randomized to losartan + HCTZ (n = 32) or bisoprolol + HCTZ (n = 27). Amlodipine was added if target BP was not achieved at 1 month, and doxazosin was added if target BP was not achieved after 3 months. Body mass index, office and 24-hour ambulatory BP, pulse wave velocity (carotid-femoral [PWVE] and radial [PWVM]), noninvasive central systolic BP, augmentation index (AIx), laboratory investigations, and electrocardiography were done at baseline and after 6 months of treatment.
LOS + HCTZ did not influence UA metabolism as well as glucose metabolism, likely because of inhibitory action of losartan on URAT1, although TEL + HCTZ were accompanied with impairment of the UA metabolism and glucose metabolism.
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A randomized, open-label, multicenter trial was performed in 88 hypertensive patients (mean age = 63.4 years) allocated to receive losartan 50 mg or amlodipine 5 mg for 4 weeks, and each treatment was changed to losartan 50 mg/hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 12.5 mg in combination or amlodipine 10 mg for a further 4 weeks. Clinic and ambulatory BP were measured before and after 8 weeks of treatment, and hsCRP was measured at baseline.
Baseline low-grade inflammation in patients with hypertension was associated with a poor ambulatory BP response, especially with losartan/HCTZ treatment. Initial measurement of hsCRP could be useful for selection of an appropriate antihypertensive drug.
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Switching to LOS/HCTZ provides a greater reduction in clinic and home BP in patients with uncontrolled hypertension. This combination therapy may lead to cardio-, reno protection and improve UA metabolism.
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The present results revealed that losartan/thiazide combination therapy attenuated glomerular overload, indicating that this therapy may provide glomerular protection in patients with an elevated GFR without causing prolonged damage to renal function.
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A significant decrease in systolic and diastolic BP was observed in both clinic and home measurement after switching from the previous treatment to LOS/HCTZ. There was a significant decrease in both B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and urinary albumin creatinine (Cr) excretion ratio (ACR), especially in patients with elevated values. In contrast, there was a significant increase in serum Cr concentration in conjunction with a decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). Overall serum uric acid (UA) concentration increased, whereas in patients with hyperuricemia there was a significant reduction in this value.
In a 10-year horizon, in scenarios of SBP reduction with HCT 25 mg, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) estimates for men varied across different ages in the range of €6032 to €58,217 per life-year gained, whereas for women ICER estimates were in the range of €12,345 to €361,064 per life-year gained. In a lifetime horizon, the cost-effectiveness estimates were favorable for both sexes. In scenarios of hypothetical SBP reductions, more favorable ICER estimates compared with no reduction were found. A large uncertainty around the cost-effectiveness estimates was observed among all scenarios.
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Fifty-nine hypertensive patients were allocated to a combination therapy with either losartan (50 mg/day)/HCTZ (12.5 mg/day) (LOS + HCTZ group: n = 37) or telmisartan (40 mg/day)/HCTZ (12.5 mg/day) (TEL + HCTZ group: n = 22), respectively. Before and 1 year after the treatment, blood pressure and biochemical parameters of blood and urine were evaluated.
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