Prospective controlled study.
duphaston tablet price
duphaston 50 mg
In management of EH without atypia, LNG-IUS achieves a higher regression and a lower hysterectomy rate than oral progesterone and could be used as a first-line therapy.
duphaston tablet use
To compare the long-term effects of oral and transdermal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on serum homocysteine levels in postmenopausal women.
duphaston medicine purpose
As hormone replacement therapy is associated with an early excess risk of venous thrombosis, we investigated the effect of different oral hormone replacement therapies on resistance to activated protein C, and on levels of factor VIII antigen (FVIII:Ag) and factor XI antigen (FXI:Ag). In a prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled 12-week study, 60 healthy post-menopausal women daily received either placebo (n = 16) or 2 mg of micronized 17beta-oestradiol, either alone (E2, n = 16) or sequentially combined with dydrogesterone 10 mg (E2 + D, n = 14) or trimegestone 0.5 mg (E2 + T, n = 14). Medication was given orally. Normalized activated protein C sensitivity ratios (nAPCsr) were determined by quantifying the effect of activated protein C on the endogenous thrombin potential. FVIII:Ag and FXI:Ag were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Compared with baseline and placebo, the nAPCsr increased (92% to 142%; all P < 0.001) in all active treatment groups after both 4 and 12 weeks. Compared with placebo, hormone replacement therapy was not associated with significant changes in FVIII:Ag. After 4 and 12 weeks, FXI:Ag levels were significantly decreased in the E2 group (mean percentage changes from baseline versus placebo: -15.0%, P = 0.001 at 4 weeks and -16.6%, P = 0.003 at 12 weeks) and in the E2 + D group (-10.4%, P = 0.02 and -10.4%, P = 0.02). In conclusion, all hormone replacement regimens were associated with a large increase in resistance to activated protein C. In contrast, hormone replacement therapy had no effect on FVIII:Ag. Oral E2 and E2 + D had a small, favourable effect on FXI:Ag.
duphaston 10mg medicine
We studied 21 postmenopausal women seeking treatment for symptomatic menopause. All patients received transdermal 50 micrograms/day estradiol for 24 weeks. After 12 weeks of treatment, 10 mg/day dydrogesterone were added.
duphaston 10mg reviews
The groups receiving DHEA or HRT reported a significant improvement in sexual function compared to baseline (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01, respectively) using the McCoy total score. The quality of relationship was similar at baseline and after 3, 6 and 12 months of treatment. There were significant increases in the numbers of episodes of sexual intercourse in the previous 4 weeks in women treated with DHEA, HRT and tibolone in comparison with the baseline value (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, p < 0.01, respectively). No changes in the McCoy score occurred in women receiving vitamin D.
High density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were significantly (p<0.05) increased after 26 cycles in all active treatment groups compared with placebo. In addition, low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and lipoprotein(a) levels were significantly reduced, and apolipoprotein A1 and triglyceride levels were significantly increased, in all active treatment groups after 13 and 26 cycles.
duphaston tablets dosage
duphaston generic price
Intranasal administration of 300 microg/d estradiol was at least as effective as oral administration of 2 mg/d estradiol in alleviating postmenopausal symptoms, with less frequent mastalgia and uterine bleeding and without the metabolic consequences of the first-pass effect.
duphaston 500 mg
Framingham scores were calculated from the medical records of patients treated for at least 2 years with 17β-estradiol alone or in combination with dydrogesterone, along with HRT non-users, through the analysis of patient medical records, followed for at least 2 years at Instituto Estadual de Diabetes e Endocrinologia Luiz Capriglione.
duphaston medicine use
Guidelines recommend using the lowest effective dose of oestrogen for the management of vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women. The primary aim of this double-blind, multi-centre, randomised study was to assess the efficacy of oral ultra-low dose continuous combined hormone replacement therapy with 17β-oestradiol and dydrogesterone.
Menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) has been proven to have beneficial effects on several components of metabolic syndrome. However, the effects vary according to different regimens, dosages, and duration of MHT. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of standard-dose 0.625 mg conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) and half-dose 0.3 mg CEE daily with different progestogens in a continuous sequential regimen on postmenopausal metabolic parameters in generally healthy postmenopausal women.
duphaston tab dose
Today, it is a mandatory practice to prescribe a combination of estrogens and progestogens for menopausal women requiring hormone therapy and with a uterus. The WHI study and its reanalysis demonstrate a big difference in results between the conjugated equin estrogen (CEE) only vs.CEE plus medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) arms in relation with breast cancer and cardiovascular risk. The conclusion is that risk is clearly higher in the arm with MPA than in the CEE only arm. Although the only progestogen used in the WHI study was medroxyprogesterone acetate, side effects and intolerance have been extrapolated as a class effect to all progestogens. Areas covered: Progestogen tolerance and side effects in hormone therapy were reviewed. For that purpose, a limited literature search was conducted on key resources including Pubmed, the Cochrane Library, ECRI, and major international health technology agencies. Expert opinion: Many of the tolerance effects are based on limited data. There are no double-blind randomized trials comparing long-term safety for breast cancer and cardiovascular risk among different progestogens. Short-term clinical studies, observational, and in animal and in vitro studies indicate that both micronized progesterone and dydrogesterone are the safer progestogens with an acceptable metabolic profile.
duphaston drug indication
No statistically significant difference in endometrial thickness between phase E (6.5+/-1.6 mm) and phase E/P (6.0+/-1.7 mm) was observed. In phase 0, compared with phases E and E/P, a statistically significant decrease in endometrial thickness was found (4.1+/-1.2 mm). Doppler flow impedance parameters of uterine arteries during the different phases of the HRT cycle showed no differences between the phases considered.
duphaston tablet usage
Randomised, placebo-controlled study. One hundred-twenty postmenopausal women on continuous hormonal replacement therapy with transdermal estradiol (50 microg per day) associated, for 10 days every 28 days, with four different progestins: dydrogesterone (DYD; 10 mg per day; n = 20), medroxyprogesterone acetete (MPA; 10 mg per day; n = 20), nomegestrol acetate (NMG; 5 mg per day; n = 20) or norethisterone acetate (NETA; 10 mg per day; n = 20). Other 40 women, 10 for each treatment group, were used as controls and were monitored for a single cycle of 28 days during the administration of transdermal estradiol plus placebo. Morning basal body temperature (BBT) was monitored for 28 days. Anxiety, by the state-trait anxiety inventory, and depression, by the self-evaluation depression scale of Zung, were evaluated just prior to and in the last 2 days of the 10-day progestins adjunct.
duphaston 10 mg
An open, multicentre study was carried out in 290 healthy, non-hysterectomised post-menopausal women receiving oral continuous combined 1 mg 17beta-oestradiol and 5 mg dydrogesterone (Femoston-conti) for 1 year. Aspiration endometrial biopsies were performed at baseline and at the end of the study; those classified as hyperplasia or malignancy were considered treatment failures.
To determine the efficacy of a 100 micrograms twice weekly dose of Estraderm TTS compared with a 200 micrograms dose in the treatment of severe PMS, and to determine the overall acceptability of the treatment. To determine the serum oestradiol levels produced by the two doses of Estraderm and to discover whether the lower dose suppresses ovulation.
Biopsies were not available in 137 women mainly because of an insufficient treatment period or non-compliance. An adequate progestational response was seen in more than 98% of the 442 women who underwent biopsy after treatment. Bleeding data were not available in 193 women, most of whom did not remain on treatment for the full 26 cycles. The 1-mg 17 beta-estradiol dose was associated with less cyclic and intermittent bleeding than the 2-mg dose. Higher doses of dydrogesterone were associated with a higher incidence of cyclic bleeds and a later day of onset, while duration, severity and regularity were similar in all groups irrespective of estradiol or dydrogesterone dose.
duphaston 40 mg
Estrogens exert beneficial effects on the vascular system, while progestogens generally have a negative impact (e.g. vasoconstrictor effects on the arterial system). In contrast, dydrogesterone appears to be largely neutral in terms of biochemical markers and indirect clinical endpoints, such as blood pressure, that act as surrogate markers for vascular function. Studies on lipid and carbohydrate metabolism, which can also influence vascular function, demonstrate that the addition of dydrogesterone intensifies rather than attenuates beneficial estrogenic effects. Dydrogesterone also has largely neutral effects on hemostasis. Since there are relatively few data available on clinical parameters such as blood flow measurements, especially in women with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases, increased risks cannot be excluded for a combination of estrogen replacement with dydrogesterone. Further studies should focus on this open question since dydrogesterone, with its largely neutral properties, might be a suitable option, including for older women already at increased cardiovascular risk.
duphaston y alcohol
After 2 years serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol had decreased by 9.0% and 18%, respectively (P < 0.01), while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol had increased by 13% (P < 0.01). The latter change was accompanied with similar increases in apolipoprotein A-I (+16%; P < 0.01) and A-II (+13%; P < 0.01), while apolipoprotein B remained unchanged. Serum very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol and VLDL-triglycerides increased by 28% and 21%, respectively, the latter reflecting the slight increase in serum triglycerides by 21%. These values, however, remained within the normal range. Serum lipoprotein(a) decreased by 16% (P < 0.01). All calculated atherogenic indices decreased (P < 0.01) during the study period. Serum lipids and (apo)lipoproteins did not change after withdrawal of dydrogesterone for 14 days during the combination therapy in the last cycle studied. Serum fibrinogen decreased by 8.4% (P < 0.01) in the first 12 cycles, after which it increased to 13% above baseline value (P < 0.01 vs. baseline). Antithrombin III did not change and serum glucose decreased by 5.7%.
To determine whether therapy with dydrogesterone in threatened abortion during the first trimester of pregnancy will improve pregnancy outcome.
duphaston medicine usage
The limited available data suggests that both continuous progestagens and anti-progestagens are effective therapies in the treatment of painful symptoms associated with endometriosis. Progestagens given in the luteal phase are not effective. These conclusions should be accepted cautiously due to a lack of data.
During both regimens, insulin and C-peptide plasma concentrations were evaluated after an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT); insulin sensitivity was evaluated by a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp technique. Insulin and C-peptide response to OGTT were expressed as area under the curve (AUC) and as incremental AUC; insulin sensitivity was expressed as mg/kg body weight. Fractional hepatic insulin extraction (FHIE) was estimated by the difference between the incremental AUC of the C-peptide and insulin divided by the incremental AUC of the C-peptide. Plasma hormone and lipid concentrations were assessed at baseline and at 12 and 24 weeks of treatment.
The pregnancy rates were 38% per embryo transfer. The ongoing pregnancy rate was 31% with an abortion rate of 20%.
Two-hundred forty-eight studies provided information on the effects of 42 different HRT regimens. All estrogen alone regimens raised HDL cholesterol and lowered LDL and total cholesterol. Oral estrogens raised triglycerides. Transdermal estradiol 17-beta lowered triglycerides. Progestogens had little effect on estrogen-induced reductions in LDL and total cholesterol. Estrogen-induced increases in HDL and triglycerides were opposed according to type of progestogen, in the order from least to greatest effect: dydrogesterone and medrogestone, progesterone, cyproterone acetate, medroxyprogesterone acetate, transdermal norethindrone acetate, norgestrel, and oral norethindrone acetate. Tibolone decreased HDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Raloxifene reduced LDL cholesterol levels. In 41 studies of 20 different formulations, HRT generally lowered lipoprotein (a).
The present study investigated the effect of acute systemic administration of six progesterone metabolites on formalin-induced pain in the rat. The 3alpha-hydroxylated metabolites allopregnanolone and pregnanolone are highly potent positive modulators at the GABA(A) receptor and produced a biphasic effect on pain in the formalin test. Dose-dependent antinociception was observed at lower doses (maximal antinociception at 0.16mg/kg) and was reversed at higher doses. Bicuculline abolished the antinociceptive effect. The 3beta-hydroxylated epipregnanolone and isopregnanolone are inactive or only weekly active at the GABA(A) receptor, and did not affect formalin-induced pain. 5alpha- and 5beta-dihydroprogesterone have also been shown to have low affinity for the GABA(A) receptor, but can be rapidly metabolized to their 3alpha-hydroxylated counterparts. In the formalin test, they produced a biphasic effect on pain similar to that of pregnanolone and allopregnanolone, but with lower potency. The effect was reversible by bicuculline, showing involvement of the GABA(A) receptor, and was blocked by indomethacin, implying that the antinociceptive effect is dependent on their conversion to allopregnanolone or pregnanolone. The results indicate that GABA-ergic progesterone metabolites modulate nociception. A change in levels of GABA-ergic progesterone metabolites, such as is observed in depression, chronic fatigue and premenstrual dysphoric disorder could, therefore, contribute to the pain complaints associated with these disorders.