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Detrol (Tolterodine)
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Detrol

Detrol is an effective medication which helps to fight with overactive bladder with symptoms of urinary frequency, incontinence, urgency. Detrol acts by blocking the nerve impulses that prompt the bladder to contract.

Other names for this medication:

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Also known as:  Tolterodine.

Description

Detrol is a perfect remedy, which helps to fight against overactive bladder with symptoms of urinary frequency, incontinence, urgency.

Detrol acts by blocking the nerve impulses that prompt the bladder to contract.

Detrol is also known as Tolterodine, Roliten, Detrusitol, Terol LA.

name of Detrol is Tolterodine Tartrate.

Brand names of Detrol are Detrol LA, Detrol.

Dosage

Detrol can be taken in form of tablets, liquid pills, chewable pills, drops which should be taken by mouth.

Take Detrol tablets orally with or without food.

Do not crush or chew it.

Take Detrol at the same time with water.

If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Detrol suddenly.

Overdose

If you overdose Detrol and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately. Symptoms of Detrol overdosage: feeling drowsy, blurred vision, dry eyes, coprostasis, dry mouth.

Storage

Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Detrol are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.

Contraindications

Do not take Detrol if you are allergic to Detrol components.

Do not take Detrol while you are pregnant or have nurseling.

Avoid alcohol.

Take Detrol with care if you are taking bepridil (Vascor),cisapride (Propulsid);chloroquine (Arelan) or halofantrine (Halfan);cyclosporine (Gengraf, Neoral, Sandimmune); narcotic medication such as levomethadyl (Orlaam); or methadone (Dolophine, Methadose);pentamidine (NebuPent, Pentam);vinblastine (Velban);antibiotics such as azithromycin (Zithromax), clarithromycin (Biaxin), dirithromycin (Dynabac), erythromycin (E-Mycin, E.E.S., Erythrocin, Ery-Tab), pentamidine (NebuPent, Pentam), sparfloxacin (Zagam), telithromycin (Ketek);medicines to treat psychiatric disorder, such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), mesoridazine (Serentil) pimozide (Orap), or thioridazine (Mellaril); or heart rhythm medicine such as amiodarone (Cordarone, Pacerone), dofetilide (Tikosyn), disopyramide (Norpace), procainamide (Procan, Pronestyl), quinidine (Cardioquin, Quinaglute), or sotalol (Betapace), arsenic trioxide (Trisenox); haloperidol (Haldol), droperidol (Inapsine).

You should be careful when you are driving or operating machinery.

It can be dangerous to use Detrol if you suffer from or have a history of a blockage in your stomach or intestines, untreated or uncontrolled glaucoma, kidney disease, "Long QT syndrome", blockage of the urinary tract (difficulty urinating), liver disease.

It can be dangerous to stop Detrol taking suddenly.

detrol generic name

Overactive bladder (OAB) is highly prevalent and is associated with considerable morbidity and reduced health-related quality of life. β3-adrenergic receptor (β3-AR) stimulation is a novel alternative to antimuscarinic therapy for OAB.

detrol la reviews

More patients in the intervention group (experimental) purchased their prescriptions (p<0.05). Compliance rate was greater for the intervention group (39%), versus the control group (31%) at 16 weeks although the difference was not significant (p>0.05). Significantly more patients started and/or continued non-drug treatments in the intervention group (82%) compared to the control group (53%) (p<0.05). Furthermore, more patients in this group reported improvement in severity of bladder symptoms (p<0.05).

detrol la dosage

We evaluated the clinical results of tolterodine in treating impacted stones in the intramural ureter with symptoms of vesical irritability. A total of 80 patients with intramural ureter stones were included in the study from December 2007 to November 2009. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. The 41 patients in group A were given a watchful waiting and served as control group. Group B received 2 mg tolterodine (twice a day). Both groups were followed up for 2 weeks. The stone expulsion rate and time and the number of pain episodes were obtained. Subjects rated the urgency associated with each micturition using the Urinary Sensation Scale (USS). Pain descriptions were recorded by the patients using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). The stone expulsion rate in groups A and B was 56.1 and 56.4%, respectively (P = 0.98). The mean numbers of renal colic episodes of patients in groups A and B had experienced 4.5 and 1.7, respectively. The USS for groups A and B in 3 and 7 days were 2.89 ± 0.56, 1.29 ± 0.60; 1.98 ± 0.79, 1.09 ± 0.3, respectively (P < 0.001). Statistically significant difference was found between groups A and B in relation to the VAS score on days 3 and 7, respectively (P < 0.001). While our study demonstrated no improvement in expulsion rate, Tolterodine reduced the common symptoms of frequency, urgency, intensity of the pain episodes and discomfort often associated with intramural ureter stone.

detrol tab

Nine patients, three EM2 and four EM1 and two PM, completed the trial. Following tolterodine administration, the area under the serum concentration-time curve (AUC) of tolterodine was 4.4-times and 30-times higher among EM1 and PM, respectively, compared with EM2. The AUC of the 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite (5-HM) was not quantifiable in PM. Fluoxetine significantly decreased (P<0.002) the oral clearance of tolterodine by 93% in EM2 and by 80% in EM1. The AUC of 5-HM increased in EM2 and decreased in EM1. However, the exposure to the active moiety (unbound tolterodine +5-HM) was not significantly increased in the two phenotypes. The subdivision of the EM group showed a 2.1-fold increase in active moiety in EM2 but the exposure was still similar to EM1 compared with before the interaction.

detrol generic medication

To examine the continence ('dryness') rate as an outcome measure of the efficacy of antimuscarinic treatment, and to explore how changes in bladder diary duration, baseline severity of urinary incontinence (UI), and study population characteristics affected this outcome.

detrol generic price

To assess the efficacy of combined treatment with doxazosin and tolterodine, as although alpha-blockers are commonly used and generally effective in men with symptomatic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), a subset of men with BOO and overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms often complain of persistent symptoms.

detrol la generic

Clinicians often encounter patients with dementia and urge incontinence who might benefit from both an anticholinergic medication and a cholinesterase inhibitor. At first glance, this combination would seem to violate basic principles of geriatric pharmacology, as the drugs appear to be working at cross-purposes and anticholinergic medications are notorious for worsening cognitive function in susceptible patients. A case is presented and discussed in which this combination was clinically effective and pharmacologically sound.

detrol la dosing

Tolterodine was well tolerated and its effects improved the quality of life in Thai women with OAB.

detrol buy online

Tolterodine has a similar efficacy to oxybutynin in the treatment of idiopathic overactive bladder in children, with better safety in pharmacotherapy.

detrol 4mg prices

Our study demonstrates that tolterodine does not affect pupil diameter and anterior chamber parameters, including angle, volume, and depth. Most likely, it is an organ-selective agent, inhibiting muscarinic receptors in the bladder rather than in the anterior segment of the eye.

detrol dosage

Tolterodine extended release has demonstrable efficacy in reducing the severity of urinary urgency and is associated with improvements in overactive bladder symptoms that are meaningful to patients.

detrol 10 mg

This multicentre study included a 2-week single-blind placebo run-in, a 4-week double-blind placebo-controlled active treatment phase, and a 2-week follow-up. Men and women with an OAB and urodynamic evidence of detrusor overactivity were randomized to placebo or solifenacin 2.5, 5, 10 or 20 mg once daily, or tolterodine 2 mg twice daily.

detrol 4 mg

To evaluate the long term efficacy and tolerability of tolterodine in patients with symptoms of overactive bladder.

detrol online

We compared the short-term risk of falls among recipients of oxybutynin or tolterodine to treat urinary incontinence.

detrol drug price

We analyzed data from two 12-wk, placebo-controlled trials of tolterodine ER (4mg QD). Patients completed 7-d bladder diaries and rated the urgency sensation associated with each micturition on a 5-point urgency rating scale. Micturitions were categorized by urgency rating: total (1-5), non-OAB (1-2), OAB (3-5), or severe OAB (4-5). Changes in micturitions during 24-h, daytime, and nocturnal intervals were assessed.

detrol 40 mg

In the crystal structure of (R)-N,N-diisopropyl-3-(2-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)-3-phenylpropylaminium (2R,3R)-hydrogen tartrate, C22H32NO+.C4H5O6-, the hydrogen tartrate anions are linked by O-H...O hydrogen bonds to form helical chains built from R(2)(2)(9) rings. These chains are linked by the tolterodine molecules via N-H...O and O-H...O hydrogen bonds to form separate sheets parallel to the (101) plane.

detrol tablet

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of uroflowmetry in predicting the possibility of abnormal voiding symptoms following antimuscarinic treatment for overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) in Taiwanese women.

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detrol buy online 2017-07-31

The objective of this analysis was to assess the detrol buy cost effectiveness of the β3-AR agonist mirabegron relative to tolterodine extended release (ER) in patients with OAB from a UK National Health Service (NHS) perspective.

detrol buy online 2015-05-04

Early studies of extended-release oxybutynin in patients with overactive detrol buy bladder used adjusted-dose regimens ranging from 5 to 30 mg/day to achieve an optimal balance of efficacy and tolerability. The safety and tolerability of extended-release oxybutynin at a fixed dose of 10 mg once daily (commonly prescribed in clinical practice) is reported using pooled data from 2 multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group trials with a similar study design. One study compared extended-release oxybutynin with immediate-release tolterodine 2 mg bid. The other study compared extended-release oxybutynin with extended-release tolterodine 4 mg qd. In total, 576 patients received extended-release oxybutynin, 399 received extended-release tolterodine, and 193 received immediate-release tolterodine. The incidence of adverse events (AEs) was similar in the three treatment groups (extended-release oxybutynin, 70%; extended-release tolterodine, 64%; and immediate-release tolterodine, 79%). The most common adverse event was dry mouth (extended-release oxybutynin, 29%; extended-release tolterodine, 22%; and immediate-release tolterodine, 33%). Other AEs occurring in more than 5% of patients in any treatment group included constipation, diarrhea, headache, urinary tract infection, pain, dyspepsia, and peripheral edema, with no apparent difference across treatment groups. Most AEs (>90%) were mild or moderate in intensity in all treatment groups. The proportion of patients who discontinued study medication due to AEs was 6.1, 4.8, and 7.8% in the extended-release oxybutynin, extended-release tolterodine, and immediate-release tolterodine groups, respectively. In total, 1.2, 1.0, and 1.6% of patients in the extended-release oxybutynin, extended-release tolterodine, and immediate-release tolterodine groups, respectively, discontinued study medication due to dry mouth.

detrol buy online 2015-06-05

The OAB-q was highly responsive and demonstrated responsiveness to reductions in urinary urgency, frequency, and incontinence during antimuscarinic treatment of OAB. The OAB-q Viagra User Reviews appears to be a useful outcome measure for treatments of OAB.

detrol buy online 2017-03-17

A retrospective analysis of a database of Altace Drug Classification a total of two hundred and fifty-six patients (175 boys and 81 girls, age range 3 years to 17 years, mean age 8.33 years) with urodynamically confirmed bladder overactivity was performed. All children received tolterodine tartrate (dose range of 0.5-4 mg orally). In group I (n=205) tolterodine tartrate replaced anticholinergic drugs (AC) (oxybutinin chloride or oxyphencyclimin hydrochloride). A subgroup of patients switched because of intolerance due to serious adverse events (60.4%) or because of lack of improvement in micturition variables (39.6%). In group II tolterodine was prescribed as initial therapy (n=51). Tolerability was assessed by a standardised questionnaire on adverse events at every outdoor clinic visit. Efficacy assessment was based on micturition diary variables, mean change of maximum bladder capacity and number of incontinence episodes/24 h.

detrol buy online 2015-02-19

To investigate the effect of duloxetine on the pharmacokinetics and Duricef Capsule tolerability of tolterodine and its active 5-hydroxymethyl metabolite (5-HM).

detrol buy online 2015-09-25

Tolterodine is well tolerated in general practice at the recommended daily dose. Hallucinations, tachycardia and palpitations are infrequently associated with Celexa Generic Cost the drug.

detrol buy online 2015-08-24

To assess the efficacy and tolerability of Vermox Drug mirabegron versus placebo.

detrol buy online 2016-04-04

A total of 1,120 patients were randomized and treated at 134 centers. For the primary efficacy variable, the number of micturitions/24 hours, pooled results showed a significant decrease from baseline for the 1 mg tolterodine (P < 0.001), 2 mg tolterodine (P < 0.001), and 5 mg oxybutynin (P < 0.01) groups, compared to placebo. Both tolterodine doses and oxybutynin significantly decreased incontinence episodes/24 hours and significantly increased volume voided/micturition, compared to placebo. Tolterodine at a dose of 2 mg twice daily and 5 mg oxybutynin twice daily were significantly more effective in improving patient perception of bladder condition than placebo. Cymbalta Overdose Signs Tolterodine at a dose of 2 mg and 5 mg oxybutynin were equivalent in their effectiveness. Tolterodine at doses of 1 mg and 2 mg were tolerated significantly better than oxybutynin when adverse events, dry mouth (both frequency and intensity), dose reductions, and patient withdrawals were considered.

detrol buy online 2016-03-11

Use of tolterodine in patients with UI who discontinue initial therapy with generic oxybutynin lies within currently accepted Bactrim 50 Mg benchmarks for cost-effectiveness.

detrol buy online 2015-09-05

Three thousand five hundred thirty-six Medicaid-eligible NH Hytrin Tablets 2mg residents aged 65 and older taking a ChI between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2004. Residents were excluded if they were taking an anticholinergic other than oxybutynin or tolterodine.

detrol buy online 2017-08-11

All the patients accomplished the 12-week treatment. The tamsulosin group showed a significant decrease in IPSS and QOL from 21.50 +/- 5.42 and 4.58 +/- 0.94 before the treatment to 14.80 +/- 4.21 and 2.78 +/- 0.91 after it (P < 0.05), but a significant increase in Qmax from (12.20 +/- 6.60) ml/s to (16.40 +/- 5.13) ml/s (P < 0.05). In the tamsulosin + tolterodine group, IPSS and QOL were decreased from 20.90 +/- 5.15 and 4.61 +/- 0. Antabuse Purchase 86 at the baseline to 14.90 +/- 5.32 and 2.12 +/- 0.87 after the medication (P < 0.05), Qmax was increased from (13.30 +/- 7.80) ml/s to (16.70 +/- 6.32) ml/s (P < 0.05), and the score on the urinary storage phase symptoms was reduced from 10.12 +/- 3.10 to 4.77 +/- 0.75 (P < 0.05).

detrol buy online 2015-07-10

TER reduced the total number Best Online Viagra of nocturnal micturitions, but, compared with placebo, this difference was not statistically significant. However, TER did significantly reduce OAB-related and severe OAB-related nocturnal micturitions compared with placebo. TER had no effect on non-OAB micturitions. TER significantly reduced the total, OAB, and severe OAB micturitions during 24-hour and daytime intervals compared with placebo. Significantly more TER-treated than placebo-treated patients reported a treatment benefit and willingness to continue treatment. Adverse events associated with nighttime dosing of TER versus placebo were few.

detrol buy online 2017-09-18

To evaluate the cost-utility of solifenacin, a new generation antimuscarinic, compared with tolterodine in the treatment of Diflucan Drug Class overactive bladder syndrome (OAB), from the perspective of the UK National Health Service (NHS).

detrol buy online 2016-07-09

Although a tendency was observed toward an increased electrical perception threshold at 250 Hz, this study showed no significant effect of tolterodine extended release on the bladder electrical perception threshold.

detrol buy online 2017-01-20

To identify predictors of successful first-line antimuscarinic monotherapy for patients with enlarged prostate and predominant storage symptoms.

detrol buy online 2017-06-30

Tolterodine ((R)-N,N-diisopropyl-3-(2-hydroxy-5-methyl-phenyl)-3-phenylpropanamine, CAS 124937-51-5) is an antimuscarinic agent developed specifically for the treatment of the overactive bladder. In this study, the pharmacokinetics of tolterodine were investigated in the mouse, rat and dog, following which allometric scaling was performed to predict oral pharmacokinetics in man. The intestinal absorption of tolterodine after oral dosing was almost complete in all three species, with peak serum concentrations observed within 1 hour post-dose. Bioavailability varied between 2-20% in rodents and 58-63% in the dog. A high volume of distribution in all three species was consistent with extravascular distribution. Tolterodine was extensively metabolised in all the animal models, but the profile of metabolism differed in the rat compared to the mouse and dog, the latter having similar metabolism routes as man. Limitation of metabolism capacity caused a non-linear increase of tolterodine concentrations with dose (repeat-dose study in the mouse), and changed the relative metabolite concentration pattern. The results suggest that the hydroxylation of tolterodine is a high affinity, low capacity pathway, while N-dealkylation follows a low affinity, high capacity pathway. The elimination of tolterodine from serum was rapid, with a half-life of less than 2 h in all species. A very high clearance in the mouse and rat (10-15 l/h.kg), and in the dog (1.4 l/h.kg), indicated additional non-metabolic clearance mechanisms for tolterodine (shown to be attributed to biliary excretion). Urinary excretion of compound-related radioactive substance was around 15%, 45% and 50%, respectively, in the rat, mouse and dog. Allometric scaling allowed a good prediction of clearance and volume of distribution to be extrapolated for comparison with tolterodine pharmacokinetics in man. In conclusion, the pharmacokinetics of tolterodine are similar in the mouse and dog, and correlate with that in man. Although the rat has a different metabolic profile, clearance fits into the allometric relationship between species, enabling prediction of total clearance of tolterodine in man from preclinical data.

detrol buy online 2016-12-16

After a 2-wk single-blind placebo run-in, patients with eight or more micturitions per 24h and three or more urgency episodes in a 3-d micturition diary were randomized 1:1:1 to once-daily mirabegron 50mg, mirabegron 100mg, or tolterodine extended release (ER) 4 mg for 12 mo.

detrol buy online 2016-04-20

A new rapid, simple, sensitive, selective and accurate reversed-phase stability-indicating Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (RP-UPLC) technique was developed for the assay of Tolterodine Tartrate in pharmaceutical dosage form, human plasma and urine samples. The developed UPLC method is superior in technology to conventional HPLC with respect to speed, solvent consumption, resolution and cost of analysis. Chromatographic run time was 6 min in reversed-phase mode and ultraviolet detection was carried out at 220 nm for quantification. Efficient separation was achieved for all the degradants of Tolterodine Tartrate on BEH C18 sub-2-μm Acquity UPLC column using Trifluoroacetic acid and acetonitrile as organic solvent in a linear gradient program. The active pharmaceutical ingredient was extracted from tablet dosage form using a mixture of acetonitrile and water as diluent. The calibration graphs were linear and the method showed excellent recoveries for bulk and tablet dosage form. The test solution was found to be stable for 40 days when stored in the refrigerator between 2 and 8 °C. The developed UPLC method was validated and meets the requirements delineated by the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines with respect to linearity, accuracy, precision, specificity and robustness. The intra-day and inter-day variation was found be less than 1%. The method was reproducible and selective for the estimation of Tolterodine Tartrate. Because the method could effectively separate the drug from its degradation products, it can be employed as a stability-indicating one.

detrol buy online 2016-02-14

The aim of the current investigation is to optimize ethosomes statistically for enhancing transdermal potential of Tolterodine Tartrate (TT). Ethosomes bearing TT were prepared by cold method and characterized for various parameters like vesicle size, vesicle shape, surface morphology and % drug entrapment. Microscopic examinations suggest ethosomes as spherical unilamellar vesicles with a smooth surface. Optimized ethosomal vesicles were of 890±2.67nm size and showed 79.83±3.18% drug entrapment. Ex-vivo permeation studies across rat skin resulted in increased flux of 4.69±0.24μg/cm(2)/hr and decreased lag time of 0.13±0.05 hr when compared with drug solution (0.546±0.05μg/cm(2)/hr, 3±0.2 hr).This shows enhancement of transdermal delivery by 8.82 times. Anatomical changes in skin samples due to vesicle-skin interaction were observed on histological examination. Optimized formulation on storage at 4°C for 120 days showed insignificant growth in vesicular size revealing low aggregation of vesicles. The results collectively suggest ethosomes as carriers for accentuated transdermal delivery of TT.

detrol buy online 2015-04-03

36 patients with symptoms of OAB were randomised to 3 months of treatment with weekly PTNS or tolterodine (2mg bid p.o.). The primary outcome measure was the difference of micturitions per 24h. The secondary outcome measure was the impact on quality of life (QoL) measured with a visual analogue scale (VAS) between baseline and after 3 months of therapy.

detrol buy online 2015-09-03

Women with urge urinary incontinence are commonly treated with antimuscarinic medications, but many discontinue therapy.

detrol buy online 2017-12-12

To determine whether combining antimuscarinic drug therapy with supervised behavioral training, compared with drug therapy alone, improves the ability of women with urge incontinence to achieve clinically important reductions in incontinence episodes and to sustain these improvements after discontinuing drug therapy.

detrol buy online 2016-09-23

The therapy of mixed urinary incontinence is still discussed controversially. Surgical procedures were seen as a minor opinion in these cases, because the urge-symptoms remain stable or even become worse after incontinence-surgery. We here present a prospective-randomized double-blinded multi-center trial with Tolterodine extended-release 4 mg once daily in 410 female patients with mixed incontinence treated in Germany. After 8 weeks of treatment we saw a nearly 60% significant regression of the symptoms of mixed incontinence. Therefore the anticholinergic treatment with tolterodine extended-release of women is a successful treatment option in mixed incontinence.

detrol buy online 2016-08-22

This randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III study enrolled adult patients experiencing OAB symptoms for ≥24 weeks. Patients with ≥ 8 micturitions/24 h and ≥1 urgency episode/24 h or ≥1 urgency incontinence episode/24 h were randomised to once-daily placebo, mirabegron 50 mg or tolterodine 4 mg (as an active comparator, without testing for non-inferiority of efficacy and safety) for 12 weeks. The primary endpoint was the change in the mean number of micturitions/24 h from baseline to final assessment. Secondary endpoints included micturition variables related to urgency and/or incontinence and quality-of-life domain scores on the King's Health Questionnaire. Safety assessments included adverse events (AEs), post-void residual urine volume, laboratory variables, vital signs and 12-lead electrocardiogram.

detrol buy online 2015-01-25

An observational, follow-up study.

detrol buy online 2015-11-29

Hepatocyte nuclear receptor 4α (HNF4α) plays a central role in regulating human drug-metabolizing enzymes. Our previous study suggested that the newly identified polymorphism G60D in the HNF4α gene may decrease its downstream CYP2D6 activity in Asians. To confirm this effect in a clinical setting, we carried out a full pharmacokinetic study of a single oral dose of CYP2D6 substrate tolterodine in 30 healthy Korean individuals (HNF4α wild type: n = 24; HNF4α G60D heterozygotes: n = 6) who were pregenotyped for CYP2D6. Our study showed HNF4α G60D to be an independent predictor for increased AUC0-∞, C max of tolterodine and increased AUC0-∞ of the active moiety (tolterodine+5-hydroxymethyl-tolterodine) (P<0.05). A significant proportion of the variance in these parameters (R = 0.81, 0.59, and 0.63, respectively; P<0.01) was explained together by CYP2D6 and HNF4α genotypes. Further investigation of HNF4α genetic polymorphisms may improve the predictability of CYP2D6 activity in different populations.

detrol buy online 2015-02-28

It has previously been shown that elocalcitol might protect bladder contractile function in experimental models and that elocalcitol has beneficial effects in patients with LUTS. In humans, elocalcitol was demonstrated with a very good safety profile but only exhibited limited efficacy on LUTS in patients with BPH and overactive bladder (OAB). Recent reports show that therapies with antimuscarinics, when combined with other drugs in clinical use, might perform better than a monotherapy in managing LUTS. It is not known how a combination of elocalcitol and an antimuscarinic performs on bladder dysfunction. The present study suggests that concomitant use of secosteroids and antimuscarinics has additive beneficial effects on obstruction-related functional changes in an experimental model. If confirmed also in a clinical setting, this could allow for individual dose adjustments to improve efficacy in obstruction-related LUTS, and possibly reduce unwanted adverse activities by antimuscarinic therapy.

detrol buy online 2016-10-31

Randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) reported in English.

detrol buy online 2016-11-17

We conclude that the counting of episodes of OAB symptoms only insufficiently describes the afflicted patients. Patient bother is the strongest individual component but only poorly explained by episodes of the four symptoms defining OAB. Alterations of bother may better reflect patient-relevant outcomes in OAB treatment than alterations in the number of symptom episodes.

detrol buy online 2016-08-24

Tolterodine, administered at twice the expected therapeutic dosage, did not change the disposition of the probe drugs debrisoquine, omeprazole and caffeine and thus had no detectable effect on the activities of CYPs 2D6, 2C19, 3A4 and 1A2. Alteration of the metabolism of substrates of these enzymes by tolterodine is unlikely to occur.

detrol buy online 2016-10-17

Men and women aged >or= 20 years with symptoms of urinary urgency, urinary frequency (>or= 8 micturitions/24 h), urge incontinence (>or= 5 episodes/week) and symptoms of OAB for >or= 6 months were randomized to double-blind treatment with tolterodine ER 4 mg once daily, oxybutynin IR 3 mg three times daily or placebo for 12 weeks. Efficacy assessments included changes from baseline in numbers of incontinence episodes per week, voids/24 h and mean volume voided/void. Patient perceptions of bladder condition, urgency and treatment benefit were also assessed.

detrol buy online 2015-10-14

Anticholinergic adverse events (AEs) including dry mouth and constipation were more frequent with antimuscarinics versus mirabegron. In patients aged ≥65 years, dry mouth occurred with a six-fold higher incidence with tolterodine extended-release (ER) 4 mg than with mirabegron 25 mg or 50 mg over 12 weeks, and a three-fold higher incidence with tolterodine ER than mirabegron 50 mg over 1 year. Mirabegron had a low incidence of central nervous system effects. A systematic review of the cardiovascular safety profile of mirabegron has not identified any clinically significant effects on blood pressure or pulse rate at therapeutic doses amongst patients aged ≥65 years.

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In this 12-week double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, eligible patients reported OAB symptoms for > or = 3 months and recorded > or = 8 voids and > or = 1 urgency urinary incontinence (UUI) episode per 24 h in 3-day bladder diaries at baseline. Patients were randomized in a 2:2:1 ratio to fesoterodine (4 mg for 1 week then 8 mg for 11 weeks); tolterodine ER 4 mg; or placebo (with sham dose escalation for tolterodine ER and placebo). Endpoints were changes from baseline to week 12 in UUI episodes (primary endpoint), total and nocturnal voids, urgency episodes, severe urgency episodes, and frequency-urgency sum per 24 h; mean voided volume per void (MVV); and the OAB questionnaire (OAB-q), Patient Perception of Bladder Condition (PPBC), and Urgency Perception Scale (UPS). Safety and tolerability were assessed and summarized over the 12-week study period.

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Baseline data showed that females (when corrected for body weight) consistently imbibed significantly more water (83%) than did male rats. Tolterodine did not significantly affect water consumption in the males but significantly reduced water consumption in females by 42%. Tolterodine did not significantly affect the amount of urine produced by male rats but significantly reduced the total amount of urine production in females by 26%. Tolterodine significantly increased the number of voids in male rats compared with baseline during the day but not during the night. More importantly tolterodine produce no significant effect on the volume voided per micturition in male rats either during the day or night cycle, but significantly decreased the volume voided per micturition in females.

detrol buy online 2017-11-12

Tolterodine, 2 mg twice daily, was superior to placebo in enhancing catheterization volumes (P < 0.0005) and reducing incontinence (P < 0.001), but was comparable with placebo in cystometric bladder capacity. Efficacy of tolterodine SSD was comparable with oxybutynin SSD with regard to catheterization volumes, degree of incontinence, and cystometric bladder capacity. The side effect profile (dry mouth) was comparable between tolterodine, 2 mg twice daily, and placebo, but differed significantly when comparing tolterodine SSD with oxybutynin SSD (P < 0.05).

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Tolterodine ER treatment was associated with improvements in multiple OAB- and incontinence-specific PROs in a sexually active, relatively young, and racially diverse population of women. The findings provide clinicians with new insights into the impact of OAB and its treatment on HRQL in this population, which has been underrepresented in previous OAB studies. Study limitations include a potential underestimation of the impact of OAB symptoms resulting from the exclusion of women who may not be sexually active because of their urinary symptoms.

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A total of 20 female patients with urinary frequency were randomized to 4 weeks of treatment with tolterodine or a placebo. Functional magnetic resonance imaging based on blood oxygenation level dependant imaging of the brain during bladder filling was performed before and after treatment. For each patient the bladder was filled by a urethral catheter and emptied 5 times.