on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!

via4gra pills

for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:

Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri)

Rating of sales:          


Brahmi is a 100% natural, pefficacious and safe nervine tonic that enhances learning, academic performance and improves mental ability. It acts as an anti-anxiety agent and is used in several mental disorders. Brahmi also calms restlessness in children.

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:


Also known as:  Bacopa Monnieri.


Brahmi is a 100% natural product which is a nervine tonic that enhances learning, academic performance and improves mental ability. It acts as an anti-anxiety agent and is used in several mental disorders.

Brahmi is a perfect medication in case of poor memory, disturbed concentration, stress and anxieties, fatigue and weakness, attention deficit disorder (ADD), Alzheimer's disease, arthritis and joint pains, cold and bronchitis.

Brahmi also calms restlessness in children.

Brahmi consists of such ingredients as: Brahmi Herbs.


Brahmi is available in capsules which are taken by mouth.

It is recommended to take 1 Brahmi capsule twice a day before meals.


If you overdose Brahmi and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep this medicine in the original bottle. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Brahmi are:

  • brahmi capsules
  • brahmi dosage
  • brahmi powder dosage
  • brahmi buy
  • brahmi drug interactions
  • brahmi medicine
  • brahmi syrup
  • brahmi pills
  • brahmi tablets
  • brahmi reviews
  • brahmi 6000 review
  • brahmi syrup patanjali
  • brahmi capsule
  • brahmi vati tablet
  • brahmi ayurvedic medicine
  • brahmi oil reviews
  • brahmi oil review
  • brahmi 500 mg
  • 300 mg brahmi
  • daily dose brahmi

Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Brahmi if you are allergic to Brahmi components.

Be careful with Brahmi if you take levothyroxine, propylthiouracil or methimizole.

Always give your health care provider a list of all the medicines, herbs, non-prescription drugs, or dietary supplements you use.

brahmi tablets

Family physicians provide many office-based procedures in primary care settings. While first-trimester abortion is a procedure appropriate for and performed by family physicians, few residency programs offer routine training in this skill. This study explored the experience of residency programs that have initiated or are in the process of initiating required abortion training.

brahmi dosage

Unlike primary pancreatic carcinoma, metastatic lesions of the pancreas are uncommon and account for approximately 2% of pancreatic malignancies. Small-cell lung carcinoma (SCLC) represents a group of highly malignant tumors giving rise to early and widespread metastasis at the time of diagnosis. However, the pancreas is a relatively infrequent site of metastasis by this neoplasm, and reports on metastatic small-cell carcinoma (SCC) in the pancreas, either of pulmonary or extrapulmonary origin, to be diagnosed by CT-scan-guided trucut biopsy (CT-TCB) are very rare. A 56-year-old man presented with a laterocervical lymphadenopathy associated to a mixed-density lung mass and a mass in the pancreatic body. CT-TCB slides from the pancreatic mass contained small, round tumor cells with extensive nuclear molding. The cytomorphological and histological diagnosis was metastatic SCC. Immunocytochemical staining showed that a variable number of neoplastic cells were positive for cytokeratin 7, TTF1, chromogranin A, and synaptophysin but negative for leukocyte common antigen and cytokeratin 20 with a very high expression of KI67. The transbronchial needle biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of an SCC. This case represents a rare metastatic lesion in the pancreas from SCLC, diagnosed by CT-TCB histological and immunohistochemical studies.

brahmi syrup

Ayurveda is a Sanskrit word, which means "the scripture for longevity". It represents an ancient system of traditional medicine prevalent in India and in several other south Asian countries. It is based on a holistic view of treatment which is believed to cure human diseases through establishment of equilibrium in the different elements of human life, the body, the mind, the intellect and the soul [1]. Ayurveda dates back to the period of the Indus Valley civilization (about 3000 B.C) and has been passed on through generations of oral tradition, like the other four sacred texts (Rigveda, Yajurveda, Samaveda and Atharvanaveda) which were composed between 12(th) and 7(th) century B.C [2, 3]. References to the herbal medicines of Ayurveda are found in all of the other four Vedas, suggesting that Ayurveda predates the other Vedas by at least several centuries. It was already in full practice at the time of Buddha (6(th) century B.C) and had produced two of the greatest physicians of ancient India, Charaka and Shushrutha who composed the basic texts of their trade, the Samhitas. By this time, ayurveda had already developed eight different subspecialties of medical treatment, named Ashtanga, which included surgery, internal medicine, ENT, pediatrics, toxicology, health and longevity, and spiritual healing [4]. Ayurvedic medicine was mainly composed of herbal preparations which were occasionally combined with different levels of other compounds, as supplements [5]. In the Ayurvedic system, the herbs used for medicinal purposes are classed as brain tonics or rejuvenators. Among the plants most often used in Ayurveda are, in the descending order of importance: (a) Ashwagandha, (b) Brahmi, (c) Jatamansi, (d) Jyotishmati, (e) Mandukparni, (f) Shankhapushpi, and (g) Vacha. The general appearance of these seven plants is shown in Fig.1. Their corresponding Latin names, as employed in current scientific literature, the botanical families that each of them belongs to, their normal habitats in different areas of the world, as well as the common synonyms by which they are known, are shown in the Table 1. The scientific investigations concerning the best known and most scientifically investigated of these herbs, Ashwagandha will be discussed in detail in this review. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera, WS), also commonly known, in different parts of the world, as Indian ginseng, Winter cherry, Ajagandha, Kanaje Hindi and Samm Al Ferakh, is a plant belonging to the Solanaceae family. It is also known in different linguistic areas in India by its local vernacular names [6]. It grows prolifically in dry regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Africa, particularly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, South Africa, Egypt, Morocco, Congo and Jordon [7]. In India, it is cultivated, on a commercial scale, in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Gujarat and Rajasthan [6]. In Sanskrit, ashwagandha, the Indian name for WS, means "odor of the horse", probably originating from the odor of its root which resembles that of a sweaty horse. The name"somnifera" in Latin means "sleep-inducer" which probably refers to its extensive use as a remedy against stress from a variety of daily chores. Some herbalists refer to ashwagandha as Indian ginseng, since it is used in India, in a way similar to how ginseng is used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat a large variety of human diseases [8]. Ashwagandha is a shrub whose various parts (berries, leaves and roots) have been used by Ayurvedic practitioners as folk remedies, or as aphrodisiacs and diuretics. The fresh roots are sometimes boiled in milk, in order to leach out undesirable constituents. The berries are sometimes used as a substitute to coagulate milk in cheese making. In Ayurveda, the herbal preparation is referred to as a "rasayana", an elixir that works, in a nonspecific, global fashion, to increase human health and longevity. It is also considered an adaptogen, a nontoxic medication that normalizes physiological functions, disturbed by chronic stress, through correction of imbalances in the neuroendocrine and immune systems [9, 10]. The scientific research that has been carried out on Ashwagandha and other ayurvedic herbal medicines may be classified into three major categories, taking into consideration the endogenous or exogenous phenomena that are known to cause physiological disequilibrium leading to the pathological state; (A) pharmacological and therapeutic effects of extracts, purified compounds or multi-herbal mixtures on specific non-neurological diseases; (B) pharmacological and therapeutic effects of extracts, purified compounds or multi-herbal mixtures on neurodegenerative disorders; and (C) biochemical, physiological and genetic studies on the herbal plants themselves, in order to distinguish between those originating from different habitats, or to improve the known medicinal quality of the indigenous plant. Some of the major points on its use in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders are described below.

brahmi pills

Bacopa monniera Wettst. (syn. Herpestis monniera L.; Hindi - Brahmi) is classified in Ayurveda, the classical Indian system of medicine, as Medhyarasayana, a group of plant derived drugs used as nervine tonics to promote mental health and improve memory and intellect. Earlier experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated the memory-promoting action of the plant extracts and that of its active saponins, bacoside A and B. The present study was designed to investigate the anxiolytic activity of a standardized extract (bacoside A content 25.5 ± 0.8%) of B. monniera (BM), since the plant is used in Ayurveda in clinical conditions resembling the modern concept of anxiety disorders. The animal models used have been extensively validated as experimental models of anxiety and included the open-field, elevated plusmaze, social interaction and novelty-suppressed feeding latency tests in rats. BM was used at doses of 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg, p.o. and the results were compared with those elicited by lorazepam, a well known benzodiazepine anxiolytic, used at a dose of 0.5 mg/kg, i.p. BM produced a dose-related anxiolytic activity, qualitatively comparable to that of lorazepam, in all the test parameters. However, statistically significant results were elicited usually by the higher two doses of BM. BM did not produce any significant motor deficit, at the doses used, as was evidenced by using the rota-rod test. The findings correlate with the clinical use of the plant in Ayurveda. The advantage of B. monniera over the widely used benzodiazepine anxiolytics lies in the fact that it promotes cognition unlike the amnesic action of the latter.

brahmi capsules

The provision of safe abortion services to women who need them has the potential to drastically reduce or eliminate maternal deaths due to unsafe abortion. The World Health Organization recently updated its evidence-based guidance for safe and effective clinical practices using data from systematic reviews of the literature.

brahmi 500 mg

Bacopa monnieri (Brahmi) provides traditional cognitive treatments possibly reflecting improved cerebral hemodynamics. Little is known about the cardiovascular actions of Brahmi. We sought to assess its effects on blood pressure and on isolated arteries, thus providing insights to clinical applications.

brahmi oil reviews

To develop and validate a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) using monoclonal antibody (MAb) against bacoside A₃, the major jujubogenin glycoside found in brahmi.

brahmi powder dosage

Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst., commonly known as Brahmi, is renowned in Indian traditional system for its potent memory enhancing activity, which has been validated by various scientific studies.

brahmi reviews

Ayurveda, an ancient system of medicine that is indigenous to India, is believed to be the world's oldest comprehensive health-care system and is now one of the most recognized and widely practiced disciplines of alternative medicine in the world. Medicinal herbs have been in use for treating diseases since ancient times in India. Ayurvedic therapies with medicinal herbs and herbomineral products generally provide relief without much adverse effects even after prolonged administration. Neurodegenerative disorders are a major cause of mortality and disability, and increasing life spans represent one of the key challenges of medical research. Ayurvedic medicine describes most neurodegenerative diseases and has defined a number of plants with therapeutic benefits for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases having antioxidant activities. In this chapter, the role of four important Ayurvedic medicinal plants, viz., Withania somnifera (ashwagandha), Bacopa monnieri (brahmi), Centella asiatica (gotu kola), and Mucuna pruriens (velvet bean), on neurodegenerative diseases are discussed.

brahmi ayurvedic medicine

PHC showed important antioxidant activities as well as high levels of bioactive compounds. Thus PHC is a potential source of natural antioxidants that may afford several health benefits. However, the lipid extract of PHS seems to have more nutritional value as a polyunsaturated oil than that of PHC, which is high in saturated and trans FAs.

brahmi oil review

We retrospectively analysed clinical and treatment data of patients referred to the Lyon Sud University Hospital (France) for histologically proven olfactive esthesioneuroblastoma.

brahmi medicine

Systematic reviews pertaining to the evidence for safe abortion services, from pre-abortion care, medical and surgical methods of abortion and post-abortion care were evaluated for relevant outcomes, primarily those relating to safety, effectiveness and women's preference.

brahmi 6000 review

This study explored Bacopa monnieri, a medicinal Ayurvedic herb, as a cardioprotectant against ischemia/reperfusion injury using cardiac function and coronary flow as end-points.

300 mg brahmi

Given the overall safety profile and increasing availability of medical pregnancy termination drugs, we asked: would the mifepristone-misoprostol regimen for medical termination at ≤10 weeks gestation meet U.S. FDA regulatory criteria for over-the-counter (OTC) approval, and if not, what are the present research gaps? We conducted a literature review of consumer behaviors necessary for a successful OTC application for medical termination ≤10 weeks and identified crucial research gaps. If we were to embark on a development program for OTC or more generally, self-use of medical termination, the critical elements missing are the label comprehension, self -selection and actual use studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

brahmi syrup patanjali

A widely accepted theory of lymphocyte-mediated cytotoxicity (CMC) proposes that upon effector cell (EC) and target cell (TC) interaction, release of perforin, serine proteases and other lytic moieties contained within cytoplasmic granules results in TC lysis. Complement activation and the activation of the various enzymatic activities associated with cytotoxic granules have strikingly similar modes of action and both lead to pore formation in their respective targets. We report here that by using antisera to early and late complement components we were able to inhibit CTL, NK and ADCC cytotoxicity up to 100%, even though binding of EC to TC was unaffected. Furthermore, we showed that addition of C1q or C1s (two serine proteases) antisera to C9 antisera, at titers too low to inhibit separately, resulted in synergistic inhibition of CMC. Anti-C1s together with anti-C1q (or anti-C8 with anti-C9) did not result in synergy. This finding supports a cascade model of activation for lytic molecules released from EC. In addition, we demonstrated that anti-C1q and anti-C1s bind to proteins in the 30-kD region and anti-C9 binds to proteins in the 70-kD region, coinciding with published molecular weights of granzymes and perforin, respectively. Finally, lytic ability of purified granules was also inhibited by complement antisera, further suggesting that activation occurs outside of TC. Taken as a whole, these data indicate that TC lysis may be the result of a cascade of events involving granzymes and perforin, analogous to that seen with the complement system.

brahmi capsule

The search strategy identified 1387 articles, of which 26 met our study selection criteria. There is wide variability in the amount of follicular development and risk of ovulation among women who extended the pill-free interval to 8-14 days; in general, the risk of ovulation was low, and among women who did ovulate, cycles were usually abnormal (i.e., low progesterone levels, small follicles and/or poor cervical mucus) (Level I, good, indirect to Level II-3, fair, indirect). Studies of women who missed one to four consecutive pills or 1-3 consecutive days of delay before patch replacement at times other than adjacent to the hormone-free interval reported little follicular activity and low risk of ovulation (Level I, fair, indirect to Level II-3, poor, indirect). Studies comparing 30 mcg versus 20 mcg mc ethinyl estradiol pills showed more follicular activity when 20 mcg ethinyl estradiol pills were missed (Level I, good, indirect).

brahmi buy

Combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) are popular methods of reversible contraception in the United States, but adherence remains an issue as reflected in their lower rates of typical use effectiveness. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate evidence on the effect of missed CHCs on pregnancy rates as well as surrogate measures of contraceptive effectiveness (e.g., ovulation, follicular development, changes in hormone levels, cervical mucus quality).

brahmi drug interactions

These studies show that: (a) nested PCR for the Y chromosome is the most sensitive assay for the detection of microchimerism; (b) D1S80 is a useful marker for microchimerism; (c) additional optimization of analytical conditions is required if autosomal microsatellite markers and the SSOP assay are to be used for microchimerism analysis.

daily dose brahmi

The well-known reactive diuretic ethacrynic acid (EA, Edecrin), with low antiproliferative activities, was chemically modified and grafted onto phosphorus dendrimers and the corresponding simple branched phosphorus dendron-like derivatives affording novel nanodevices showing moderate to strong antiproliferative activities against liquid and solid tumor cell lines, respectively.

brahmi vati tablet

Results confirmed enhanced resistance in chickpea radiation-mutagenised mutants, and demonstrated that resistance is based on alteration of root exudation, presumed cell-wall reinforcement and change in root oxidative status in response to infection. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

brahmi tablets

Calculations suggest that complexes of borane with N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHC) have B-H bond dissocation energies more then 20 kcal/mol less than free borane, diborane, borane-THF, and related complexes. Values are in the range of popular radical hydrogen atom donors like tin hydrides (70-80 kcal/mol). The resulting prediction that NHC borane complexes could be used as radical hydrogen atom donors was verified by radical deoxygenations of xanthates by using either AIBN or triethylborane as initiator.

brahmi dosage

Our result demonstrated that Brahmi extract protected neurons from beta-amyloid-induced cell death, but not glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. This neuroprotection was possibly due to its ability to suppress cellular acetylcholinesterase activity but not the inhibition of glutamate-mediated toxicity. In addition, culture medium containing Brahmi extract appeared to promote cell survival compared to neuronal cells growing in regular culture medium. Further study showed that Brahmi-treated neurons expressed lower level of reactive oxygen species suggesting that Brahmi restrained intracellular oxidative stress which in turn prolonged the lifespan of the culture neurons. Brahmi extract also exhibited both reducing and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activities.

brahmi syrup

Intravenous Brahmi (20-60 mg/kg) was tested on arterial blood pressure and heart rate of anaesthetized rats. In vitro vasorelaxation was assessed in arteries, with and without blockers of nitric oxide synthase (L-NAME), cyclooxygenase (indomethacin), and mechanical de-endothelialisation. The effects of Brahmi on Ca(2+) influx and release from stores were investigated.

Target Point Shipping Method Tracking Delivery Time Price
Worldwide shipping

Worldwide shipping

Registered Mail  Not trackable 14-21 business days USD 20.00 per order
EMS  Trackable, where available 5-9 business days USD 30.00 per order

Delivery time is:

Registered Mail - 14-21 business days, prices - USD 20.00, no signature is required on delivery.
EMS - 5-9 business days, prices - USD 30.00, signature is required on delivery.
Your order will be packed safe and secure and dispatched within 24 hours.

front back side

This is exactly how your parcel will look like (pictures of a real shipping item). It has a look of a regular private letter and does not disclose its contents. Size - 9.4x4.3x0.3 inches (24x11x0.7cm).

 Show Hide 
brahmi buy 2015-10-07

Given the overall safety profile and increasing availability of medical pregnancy termination drugs, we asked: would the mifepristone-misoprostol regimen for medical termination at ≤10 weeks gestation meet U.S. FDA regulatory criteria for over-the-counter (OTC) approval, and if not, what are the present research gaps? We conducted a literature review of consumer behaviors necessary for a successful OTC application for medical termination ≤10 weeks and identified crucial research gaps. If we were to embark on a development program for OTC or more generally, self-use of medical termination, the critical elements missing are the label comprehension, self -selection and actual use brahmi buy studies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

brahmi buy 2016-03-27

Our result demonstrated that Brahmi extract protected neurons from beta-amyloid-induced cell death, but not glutamate-induced excitotoxicity. This neuroprotection was possibly due to its ability to suppress cellular acetylcholinesterase activity but not the inhibition of glutamate-mediated toxicity. In addition, culture medium containing Brahmi extract appeared to promote cell survival compared to neuronal cells growing in regular culture brahmi buy medium. Further study showed that Brahmi-treated neurons expressed lower level of reactive oxygen species suggesting that Brahmi restrained intracellular oxidative stress which in turn prolonged the lifespan of the culture neurons. Brahmi extract also exhibited both reducing and lipid peroxidation inhibitory activities.

brahmi buy 2016-03-24

Evidence on select adverse events associated with initiation Strattera Mg of contraceptive use is limited but does not suggest increased risk of hypertension among COC users or increased risk of PID among IUD users. DMPA users who gain >5% of baseline body weight may be at increased risk of future weight gain.

brahmi buy 2015-09-17

Case report Valtrex Dosing Shingles .

brahmi buy 2016-07-02

Sixteen systematic reviews were identified and evaluated. The available evidence does not support the use of pre-abortion ultrasound to increase safety. Routine use of cervical preparation with osmotic Serevent Mdi Dosage dilators, mifepristone or misoprostol after 14 weeks gestation reduces complications; at early gestational ages, surgical abortions have very few complications. Prophylactic antibiotics result in lower rates of post-surgical abortion infection. Pain medication such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatories should be offered to women undergoing abortion procedures; acetaminophen, however, is not effective in reducing pain. Women who are eligible should be offered a choice between surgical (vacuum aspiration or dilation and evacuation) and medical methods (mifepristone and misoprostol) of abortion when possible. Modern methods of contraception can be safely initiated immediately following abortion procedures.

brahmi buy 2015-11-13

The results indicated that the high-fat diets differently changed the plasma lipid profiles by significantlt increasing triglycerides, total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the ratio of low-density to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol compared to control rats. Compared to fresh soybean oil, oxidized oil further increased Motrin 2 Tablets plasma lipid markers. The strongest inflammatory effect was induced by margarine, which contains the highest level of TFAs, or 2% of total fat. Total TFAs in the heart of the margarine-fed group were increased by 4.7 regarding to control and by 2.17 and 2.6 relative to groups receiving oxidized and fresh oil, respectively. Increased TFAs consumption was associated with increased histological aspects of atherosclerotic lesions in a dose-dependent manner.

brahmi buy 2015-10-28

C57BL/6J male mice were inoculated with 5 X 10(5) B16a melanoma cells. Seven days post-inoculation, when the tumor had grown to 8.0-10. Lasix 300 Mg 0 mm in diameter, 120 tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into three groups: (1) sham-irradiated controls, (2) mice receiving 200 cGy five times a week for 6 weeks, and (3) mice receiving 800 cGy once a week for 4 weeks. Thirty mice in each group were sacrificed 47 days postinoculation. Ten mice in each group were observed for the survival time data. The primary tumor was significantly smaller and the number of lung metastases were significantly fewer in mice treated with 800 cGy once a week compared to mice treated with 200 cGy five times a week. When natural killer (NK) cell activity was assessed against YAC-1 tumor targets, it was found to be significantly higher in mice treated with a single large weekly dose of irradiation. These results show that B16a melanoma responds more favorably to a single large dose of irradiation administered once a week compared to the smaller conventional fraction administered five times a week. This beneficial effect correlates with an increase in NK activity, indicating that there may be a causal relationship.

brahmi buy 2016-02-21

Cytolytic T lymphocyte ( Tofranil 200 Mg CTL) and natural killer cells (NK) lose their lytic potential after interaction with sensitive target cells that can be restored upon incubation with interleukin-2. In this study we observed that preincubation with Ser/Thr phosphatase inhibitor calyculin A inhibited both CTL and NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity (CMC) in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast, okadaic acid inhibited only CTL-CMC without significantly affecting NK-CMC. Incubation of CTL and NK cells with their sensitive TC inhibited both CTL-CMC by 74% and NK-CMC by > 80%. This loss in lytic activity was accompanied by a loss of 60% and > 80% in the cellular p-nitrophenyl phosphate phosphatase (pNPPase) activity in CTL and NK cells, respectively. When treated with 100 units/ml interleukin-2 for 16-18 h at 37 degrees C, inactivated CTL and NK cells recovered 70% and 100% of their lytic activity and approximately 60% and 100% of phosphatase activity, respectively. Analysis revealed that > 80% of the pNPPase activity was associated with membrane-bound CD45, and it is this phosphatase activity that was reversibly affected by target cell-induced inactivation/reactivation of CTL and NK cells. These results suggest that Ser/Thr phosphatases and CD45 play a key role in modulating the lytic activity of effector cells exposed to sensitive target cells.

brahmi buy 2016-12-01

In a recent study, we evaluated the functional status of human natural killer (NK) cells after their interaction with the NK-sensitive tumor target cell (TC), K562. We demonstrated that effector cells (EC), after treatment with K562 for 4 hr, lost greater than 90% of their original lytic activity. In this investigation, we examined whether this functional loss of NK cell activity represented an irreversible event in the NK lytic mechanism. Initial studies focused on the ability of K562-inactivated EC (ECi), which had been separated from their TC, to recover cytolytic activity following an 18-hr incubation. Our results indicated that ECi recovered 28% of their lytic activity in complete medium (CM) alone, 64% in CM containing interferon-beta (IFN-beta), and 91% in CM supplemented with interleukin 2 (IL-2). Analysis of the data revealed, however, that neither IFN-beta nor IL-2 simply boosted the lytic capacity of NK cells which initially escaped inactivation, but also, each cytokine affected the lytic capabilities of EC that were either truly inactivated by K562 or precursor NK (pre-NK) cells. Thus, to evaluate further the basis of IFN-beta and IL-2-induced ECi augmentation, we first treated the EC with IFN-beta or IL-2 prior to their interaction with K562 so that pre-NK cell subsets would be promoted to fully competent NK cells. Both pretreated EC preparations, after interacting with K562 for 4 hr, lost greater than 90% of their original lytic activities. NK inactivation did not result from cell death nor reflect alterations in conjugate formation or the percentages of Leu-7- and Leu-11-positive EC. IL-2-pretreated ECi, as did ECi, regained some lytic activity after incubation in CM alone, but recovered significantly more activity in CM containing IFN-beta or IL-2. In contrast to the restimulation profiles obtained for ECi and IL-2-pretreated ECi, IFN-pretreated ECi regained lytic function after incubation with IL-2, but not appreciably with IFN-beta or in CM alone. Overall, these findings suggest that EC Generic Strattera , either untreated or pretreated with IFN-beta or IL-2, significantly lose their lytic capabilities following interaction with K562 while retaining their ability to bind to the TC; IFN-beta acts predominantly on pre-NK cells, but not on ECi; and IL-2 appears to play an important role in restoring lytic potential to functionally inactive NK cells.

brahmi buy 2017-02-25

A monoclonal antibody (MoAb 11-4) was raised against K562, a human erythroleukemia cell line sensitive to natural killer cell-mediated cytotoxicity (NK-CMC). Immunological analysis revealed MoAb to be IgG2b. Alone, the MoAb was not cytotoxic for K562 and did not bind to the effector cells, but the addition of this antibody to macrophage-depleted human peripheral blood lymphocytes increased killing of K562 in a 4-hr NK-CMC assay. The maximum increase in NK-CMC was observed when MoAb 11-4 was added to target cells prior to the formation of effector/target cell conjugates. This effect was dose dependent, was specific for K562, and, contrary to conventional antisera, occurred at very low concentrations of MoAb. When MoAb was added either to Percoll-purified large granular lymphocytes (LGL) or to LGL-depleted lymphocytes, only the latter demonstrated a significant increase in the killing of K562 in a 4-hr chromium release assay. Kinetics studies revealed that although the overall LGL-mediated lysis was only slightly increased at 4 hr, the maximum lytic activity was reached within 2 hr Suprax Overdose . These studies suggest that (1) human LGL and LGL-depleted cell populations bear Fc receptors for mouse IgG2b and (2) although the cytotoxic activities of both cell populations are increased by treatment with MoAb 11-4, the kinetics of this increase are different.

brahmi buy 2015-11-28

Brahmi Rasayan, an Ayurvedic preparation, was studied in mice and rats for its effects on the central nervous system at oral doses ranging between 1 and 30 g/kg. Observational screening in mice was carried out following a multiparametric Cefixime Reviews check list. The test material was studied for its effect on pentobarbitone hypnosis, motor co-ordination, tail-withdrawal reaction time, electroshock, chemoconvulsions, haloperidol-induced catalepsy and conditioned avoidance response. The test material exhibited a sedative effect and significantly prolonged the hypnotic action of pentobarbitone. It produced a variable blockade of conditioned avoidance response. The presence of a significant antinociceptive effect, coupled with the ability of the test substance to offer protection against electroshock seizures and chemoconvulsions plus the ability to antagonize the haloperidol-induced catalepsy, suggests an involvement of the GABA-ergic system in the mediation of the central nervous system effects of Brahmi Rasayan.

brahmi buy 2015-08-16

Brahmi (Bacopa monniera Linn.) is a reputed nerve tonic in Ayurvedic literature. Hence its effects on the learning performance of rats have been studied in different conditioning schedules by administering an aqueous suspension of an alcoholic extract (40 mg/kg, p.o.) for three or more days. The first schedule induced a labile behaviour using a shock-motivated brightness-discrimination reaction. The brahmi-treated group showed better acquisition, improved retention and delayed extinction (p is less than 0.01-0.05 Stromectol Medicine ). Similarly, in an active conditioned flight reaction, the drug-treated animals showed a shorter reaction time than the controls (p less than 0.01). Also in the continuous avoidance response the drug-treated group performed better than the controls (p less than 0.01-0.05). Our findings are in conformity with the Ayurvedic claims and indicate that Bacopa monniera can improve the performance of rats in various learning situations.

brahmi buy 2016-03-03

Hypertension (HTN) is one among the fiery health problems of the present era. Since it does not cause symptoms usually for many years until a vital organ is damaged. The present study was carried out on 40 patients of essential HTN with Brahmyadi Churna and tablet Shilajatu for a period of 1 month with milk as Anupana. Observation was done before the treatment, 3 mid test assessments on 7(th), 14(th), and 21(st) day, posttest assessment was done on 30(th) day. Intervention revealed that 19 had marked improvement, 14 had moderate improvement, 5 had mild improvement, and no improvement was noticed in 2 individuals. Reduction in blood pressure was observed markedly with P < 0.000.

brahmi buy 2016-01-07

Family medicine programs can be successful at developing required abortion training. Collaboration with colleagues inside and outside the family medicine department and with receptive training sites will benefit programs interested in such.

brahmi buy 2015-11-17

Malva sylvestris has recently attracted special attention due to its potential activities in many chronic disorders. We aimed to assess the beneficial effects of Malva sylvestris extract against lithium carbonate induced renal damage in male Wistar rats. For this purpose, Malva sylvestris extract at a dose of 0.2g/kg was orally administrated, followed by 25mg/kg of lithium carbonate (intraperitoneal injection) for 30 days. Malva sylvestris extract was proved to contain large amounts of K(+), Na(+), Ca(++) and the existence of phenolic acids and flavonoids shown by the obtained HPLC-based analysis. The antioxidant capacities in vitro showed high level of radical scavenging activity and reducing power. The in vivo results showed that intraperitoneal injection of lithium carbonate exhibited a significant increase (p<0.01) of serum creatinine and urea and reduced serum sodium and potassium concentrations. Lithium carbonate also induced oxidative damage as indicated by a significant raise in LPO level associated with a decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities in the kidney. However, pretreatment with Malva sylvestris extract restored the status of all parameters studied. It can be concluded that lithium carbonate has induced oxidative stress, biochemical changes and histopathological damage but the supplementation with Malva sylvestris extract has prevented such toxicity.

brahmi buy 2017-11-21

We concluded that CCE is beneficial in CDDP-induced kidney dysfunction in mice via its anti-oxidant anti-genotoxic and anti-apoptotic properties against CDDP.

brahmi buy 2017-04-11

Patients included in this study were seriously poisoned because all developed muscarinic and nicotinic syndromes. Deep coma and respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation were noted in all methomyl-poisoned patients and in only 3 dichlorvos-poisoned patients. Acute pancreatitis occurred 24 to 72 hours after dosing and was characterized by painless abdominal paralytic ileus and vomiting. Clinical features and laboratory examinations were normalized by the fifth day under medical treatment. Complications such as intrapancreatic fluid collection occurred later between days 10 and 20 in 1 methomyl-poisoned patient who required secondary surgical drainage and in 1 dichlorvos-poisoned patient who was treated conservatively. Outcome was favorable in all cases.

brahmi buy 2016-11-08

A highly polymethylated flavone that effectively inhibited cytochrome P450s (CYPs) 1A2 and 3A4 (IC(50) = 2.41 and 1.71 µM) in vitro was isolated from thyme leaves (Thymus saturoides) purchased from a Japanese market. Its structure was spectroscopically identified as 4',5-dihydroxy-3',6,7,8-tetramethoxy flavone (8-methoxycirsilineol, 1). This is the first report describing a strong inhibitor of CYP1A2 and 3A4 isolated from Thymus saturoides.

brahmi buy 2016-12-03

The first PET/CT-guided percutaneous biopsies enabled a pathological diagnosis for all of the patients (no "inconclusive " results were obtained), and no secondary procedures were needed. Among the 26 patients, the histopathological results from the biopsy were malignant in 17 cases and benign (BPNST with atypical cells) in nine cases. No complications from the diagnostic procedure were observed. A surgical resection was performed in 18 patients (seven benign and 11 malignant biopsies), removing the fine needle biopsy scar. In addition, six locally advanced/metastatic MPNST were treated with chemo/radiotherapy, and two BPNST had no progression after a follow-up of 14 and 39 months, respectively. The PET/CT-guided percutaneous biopsy gave 25 accurate diagnoses and one false negative (BPNST with atypical cells on the biopsy and MPNST on the operated tumor), resulting in a diagnostic accuracy rate of 96%. This false negative case may be explained by the high heterogeneity of the tumor: benign areas were contiguous with the malignant ones and associated with inflammation.

brahmi buy 2015-07-01

The review revealed that 16 studies met inclusion criteria, with predominant evidentiary support found for zinc, iron, Pinus marinus (French maritime pine bark), and a Chinese herbal formula (Ningdong); and mixed (mainly inconclusive) evidence for omega-3, and l-acetyl carnitine. Current data suggest that Ginkgo biloba (ginkgo), and Hypercium perforatum (St. John's wort) are ineffective in treating ADHD.

brahmi buy 2016-08-17

Brahmi Rasayan, an Ayurvedic preparation, was studied in rodents for its antiinflammatory effects at po doses ranging between 1 and 10 g/kg. The drug suppressed various experimentally induced inflammatory reactions and did not show any gastric irritation in antiinflammatory doses. It is suggested that it may partially mediate its antiinflammatory activity by interfering with the action and/or synthesis of prostaglandins and also perhaps by stabilization of the lysosomal membranes. Its antiinflammatory activity is comparable to that of indomethacin.

brahmi buy 2015-02-03

We searched the PubMed database for peer-reviewed articles published in any language from database inception through April 2012. We included studies that examined measures of contraceptive effectiveness during cycles with extended hormone-free intervals or nonadherence (e.g., omission of pills, delayed patch replacement) on days not adjacent to the hormone-free interval. We used standard abstract forms and grading systems to summarize and assess the quality of the evidence.

brahmi buy 2015-01-18

This study characterized the cytotoxic effects of Mentha spicata L. (MS), Mentha pulegium L. (MP) and Mentha rotundifolia (L). Huds (MR) on macrophage cells (RAW264.7; U937) and determined their impact on apoptosis and autophagy, which can play a role in controlling inflammation.

brahmi buy 2016-12-14

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMNC) were separated by countercurrent centrifugal elutriation (CCE) in PBS-EDTA medium into 13 fractions. Properties associated with B cells were restricted mainly to the first fractions (F2 and F4) while those associated with T cells were confined to fractions F4, F6 and F8. The final fraction (FF) contained more than 90% monocytes while fraction F10 contained 40% monocytes and 60% null cells, and F12 contained 50% monocytes and 50% null cells. Natural killer (NK) cell activity against K-562, a human erythroleukaemia cell line, and against an adherent undifferentiated sarcoma target, was distributed between fractions F6 and F8. Using electron and scanning microscopy and a new single cell liquid cytotoxic assay, we studied membrane interaction and binding of the CCE fractionated cells with the 2 targets. Effector/target cell conjugates revealed interdigitations in the area of cell contact but no membrane fusion, although certain effector cells had a distinct large granulocytic lymphocyte morphology. Furthermore, different cell types from different fractions were able to bind to the targets although the killing was associated with certain fractions only. When purified monocytes from fraction FF were added to F6 and F8, NK activity against both targets was depressed. This inhibition was not reversed by indomethacin, and binding of the targets to the effector cells was unaffected. CCE is a powerful technique which allows the fractionation of PMNC without altering their biological functions, contrary to what is seen with nylon wool or dextran fractionation. In this report, the activity associated with CCE fractions is studied and discussed.

brahmi buy 2015-12-05

The aim of this paper is to report major cardiovascular complications related to intoxication due to tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) and related drugs, especially the stabilizing membrane effect (SME) and Brugada syndrome, and identify risk factors related to cardiac toxicity.

brahmi buy 2017-03-20

Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive motor dysfunction, including chorea and dystonia, emotional disturbances, memory, and weight loss. The medium spiny neurons of striatum and cortex are mainly effected in HD. Various hypotheses, including molecular genetics, oxidative stress, excitotoxicity, metabolic dysfunction, and mitochondrial impairment have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of neuronal dysfunction and cell death. Despite no treatment is available to fully stop the progression of the disease, there are treatments available to help control the chorea. The present review deals with brief pathophysiology of the disease, plants and phytochemicals that have shown beneficial effects against HD like symptoms. The literature for the current review was collected using various databases such as Science direct, Pubmed, Scopus, Sci-finder, Google Scholar, and Cochrane database with a defined search strategy.

brahmi buy 2015-08-30

Herbs, as food or medicine, can strengthen the body and increase its resistance to illnesses by acting on various components of the immune system. For example, Echinacea is noted for its ability to enhance immune function, primarily through activation of the innate immune responses. Here, we investigated the potential for two herbs commonly found in India, Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri), to enhance immune function and compared their effects to that of Echinacea.

brahmi buy 2017-06-27

Evidence from various healthcare systems indicates that abortion is safe and efficacious among adolescent and young women. Clinical services should promote access to safe abortion for adolescents.

brahmi buy 2015-11-09

After a woman initiates certain methods of contraception [e.g., hormonal methods, intrauterine devices (IUDs)], she is generally asked to return at some interval for a follow-up visit; however, is it unclear whether follow up is needed, what an appropriate follow-up schedule is and what should be done at follow-up visits.

brahmi buy 2016-08-07

Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in innate and adaptive immune responses to obligate intracellular pathogens. Nevertheless, the regulation of NK cell trafficking and migration to inflammatory sites is poorly understood. Exodus-1/MIP-3alpha/LARC, Exodus-2/6Ckine/SLC, and Exodus-3/MIP-3beta/ELC/CKbeta-11 are CC chemokines that share a unique aspartate-cysteine-cysteine-leucine motif near their amino terminus and preferentially stimulate the migration of T lymphocytes. The effects of Exodus chemokines on human NK cells were examined. Exodus-1, -2, and -3 did not induce detectable chemotaxis of resting peripheral blood NK cells. In contrast, Exodus-2 and -3 stimulated migration of polyclonal activated peripheral blood NK cells in a dose-dependent fashion. Exodus-2 and -3 also induced dose-dependent chemotaxis of NKL, an IL-2-dependent human NK cell line. Results of modified checkerboard assays indicate that migration of NKL cells in response to Exodus-2 and -3 represents true chemotaxis and not simply chemokinesis. Exodus-1, -2, and -3 did not induce NK cell proliferation in the absence of other stimuli. Nevertheless, Exodus-2 and -3 significantly augmented IL-2-induced proliferation of normal human CD56(dim) NK cells. In contrast, Exodus-1, -2, and -3 did not affect the cytolytic activity of resting or activated peripheral blood NK cells. Expression of message for CCR7, a shared receptor for Exodus-2 and -3, was detected in activated polyclonal NK cells and NKL cells but not resting NK cells. Taken together, these results indicate that Exodus-2 and -3 can participate in the recruitment and proliferation of activated NK cells. Exodus-2 and -3 may regulate interactions between T cells and NK cells that are crucial for the generation of optimal immune responses.

brahmi buy 2016-09-24

Fifteen second-generation NHC-ligated boranes with aryl and alkyl substituents on boron were prepared, and their radical chemistry was explored by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy and calculations. Hydrogen atom abstraction from NHC-BH(2)Ar groups produced boryl radicals akin to diphenylmethyl with spin extensively delocalized across the NHC, BH, and aryl units. All of the NHC-B·HAr radicals studied abstracted Br-atoms from alkyl bromides. Radicals with bulky N,N'-dipp substituents underwent dimerization about 2 orders of magnitude more slowly than first-generation NHC-ligated trihydroborates. The evidence favored head-to-head coupling yielding ligated diboranes. The first ligated diboranyl radical, with a structure intermediate between that of ligated diboranes and diborenes, was spectroscopically characterized during photolysis of di-t-butyl peroxide with N,N'-di-t-butyl-imidazol-2-ylidene phenylborane. The reactive site of B-alkyl-substituted NHC-boranes switched from the boron center to the alkyl substituent for both linear and branched alkyl groups. The β-borylalkyl radicals obtained from N,N'-dipp-substituted boranes underwent exothermic β-scissions with production of dipp-Imd-BH(2)· radicals and alkenes. The reverse additions of NHC-boryl radicals to alkenes are probably endothermic for alkyl-substituted alkenes, but exothermic for conjugated alkenes (addition of an NHC-boryl radical to 1,1-diphenylethene was observed). A cyclopropylboryl radical was observed, but, unlike other α-cyclopropyl-substituted radicals, this showed no propensity for ring-opening.

brahmi buy 2016-04-17

Intoxications with ferrous compounds are uncommon but ferrous sulphate is most frequently involved. Ferrous fumarate is less toxic than ferrous sulphate. Two cases of ferrous fumarate poisoning that resulted in digestive mucosal lesions are reported.

brahmi buy 2016-01-12

Hitherto, the field of nanomedicine has been overwhelmingly dominated by the use of mesoporous organosilicas compared to their metal oxide congeners. Despite their remarkable reactivity, titanium oxide-based materials have been seldom evaluated and little knowledge has been gained with respect to their "structure-biological activity" relationship. Herein, a fruitful association of phosphorus dendrimers (both "ammonium-terminated" and "phosphonate-terminated") and titanium dioxide has been performed by means of the sol-gel process, resulting in mesoporous dendrimer-coated nanosized crystalline titanium dioxide. A similar organo-coating has been reproduced using single branch-mimicking dendrimers that allow isolation of an amorphous titanium dioxide. The impact of these materials on red blood cells was evaluated by studying cell hemolysis. Next, their cytotoxicity toward B14 Chinese fibroblasts and their antimicrobial activity were also investigated. Based on their variants (cationic versus anionic terminal groups and amorphous versus crystalline titanium dioxide phase), better understanding of the role of the surface-interface composition and the nature of the framework has been gained. No noticeable discrimination was observed for amorphous and crystalline material. In contrast, hemolysis and cytotoxicity were found to be sensitive to the nature of the interface composition, with the ammonium-terminated dendrimer-coated titanium dioxide being the most hemolytic and cytotoxic material. This surface-functionalization opens the door for creating a new synergistic machineries mechanism at the cellular level and seems promising for tailoring the biological activity of nanosized organic-inorganic hybrid materials.

brahmi buy 2016-03-17

BM was screened in vitro in a panel of cell-free and receptor-transfected cell assays. The purified enzymes/membrane homogenates/cells were incubated with substrate/standard ligand in the absence or presence of the test compound. The IC50 values and EC50 values were determined by nonlinear regression analysis of the concentration-response curves generated with mean replicate values using Hill equation curve fitting.