Generic Albenza is a medication of high quality, which is taken in treatment of certain tapeworm infections. Generic Albenza is acting by killing sensitive parasites. It is an anthelmintic.
Other names for this medication:
Also known as: Albendazole.
The target of Generic Albenza is struggle against certain tapeworm infections. Generic Albenza is acting by killing sensitive parasites. It is an anthelmintic.
Generic name of Generic Albenza is Albendazole.
Albenza is also known as Albendazol, Albex, Alminth, Helmidazole, Eskazole, Zentel.
Brand name of Generic Albenza is Albenza.
If you have trouble swallowing the tablet whole, it may be crushed or chewed with a little water.
Take Generic Albenza tablets orally with food.
Take Generic Albenza at the same time with water.
If you want to achieve most effective results do not stop taking Generic Albenza suddenly.
If you overdose Generic Albenza and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.
Store at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F) away from moisture and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children.
The most common side effects associated with Albenza are:
Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.
Do not take Generic Albenza if you are allergic to Generic Albenza components.
Try to be careful with Generic Albenza if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Albenza can harm your baby.
Generic Albenza may rarely lower the ability of your body to fight infection.
You must use an effective form of birth control while you take Generic Albenza and for at least 1 month after you stop taking it. .
Generic Albenza should be used with extreme caution in children younger than 1 year old.
Avoid alcohol if you want to achieve most effective results.
It can be dangerous to stop Generic Albenza taking suddenly.
Cystic echinococcosis is a chronic, complex, and still neglected disease. Although albendazole has demonstrated efficacy, only about one-third of patients experience complete remission or cure and 30-50% of treated patients develop some evidence of a therapeutic response. Different strategies have been developed in order to improve the albendazole water solubility and dissolution rate. The aim of the current work was to investigate the chemoprophylactic and clinical efficacy of an albendazole:poloxamer 188 solid dispersion formulation on mice infected with Echinococcus granulosus metacestodes. Albendazole formulated as solid dispersion had greater chemoprophylactic and clinical efficacy than albendazole alone. The improved in therapeutic efficacy could be a consequence of the increase in the systemic availability of albendazole sulfoxide. The work reported here demonstrates that in vivo treatment with albendazole:poloxamer 188 impairs the development of the hydatid cysts. This new pharmacotechnically based strategy could be a suitable alternative for treating cystic echinococcosis in humans.
Gastrointestinal helminths (nematodes, trematodes and cestodes) constitute some of the most common and important infective agents of mankind and are responsible for much morbidity and some mortality. Whereas many symptoms and signs are confined to the intestine and less often the associated digestive organs, systemic manifestations are also numerous; this applies especially to indigenous populations of developing 'Third World' countries. Using a clinical classification these organisms can be broadly separated into those involving the small-intestine and those which have a colo-rectal distribution; of the former, a minority has been causally related to intestinal malabsorption. Clearly, however, not all gastrointestinal helminths are associated with disease and it is important to be able to separate these two groups; when present at high concentration and especially in infants and children some of the least pathogenic are not, however, entirely asymptomatic. Maintenance of a high 'index of suspicion' is necessary and this applied especially to 'western' populations in whom rapid and extensive travel to areas of the world with substandard sanitation and contaminated food and water supplies is now common; first evidence of infection in them may result from serious clinical complications. Recent advances have focussed on treatment, and especially the introduction of the benzimidazole compounds (especially albendazole) for nematode, and praziquantel for cestode, infections. Treatment of strongyloidiasis remains, however, unsatisfactory. Mass elimination of gastrointestinal helminths in developing 'Third World' countries remains a major challenge.
Immune complexes were precipitated by 3% polyethylene glycol (PEG) from 4 sera from albendazole-treated hydatid patients from Uruguay, and together with sheep hydatid cyst fluid were analysed by ion-exchange fast protein liquid chromatography (FPLC). FPLC-eluted fractions of serum preparations and cyst fluid were tested in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the detection of specific Echinococcus granulosus antigens and also for presence of specific immunoglobulin (Ig) M and IgG in the serum samples. Two peaks (nos 13 and 25) were found to have antigenic activity. Antigens were identified in both serum and cyst fluid preparation (fraction 25) after sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis immunoblotting analysis, with approximate molecular masses 50 kDa and 62 kDa. Specific IgM antibody was also detected in the same FPLC fraction (no. 25) of PEG-precipitated serum complexes.
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Although micronutrient deficiency is predictive of early death in Zambian patients with the diarrhoea-wasting syndrome, short-term oral supplementation does not overcome it nor influence morbidity or mortality.
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A 27-year-old woman was admitted because of pain radiating through her back on neck flexion that had begun a month ago. She frequently ate raw beef liver. General physical examination revealed no abnormal findings, but she showed Lhermitte's sign neurologically. Fecal examination revealed no worm eggs. Blood cell counts showed mild eosinophilia (8.2%). The IgE level was mildly increased to 397 IU/ml (normal < 250). Cerebrospinal fluid examination showed 7 cells/microliter with 50% eosinophils. A test for anti-Ascaris suum IgG antibody was strongly positive in serum as well as in cerebrospinal fluid. Cervical MRI showed high-intensity areas in the spinal cord extending from the lower medulla to the C4 spine level on the T2-weighted images, and part of the lesion at the C3 spine level was enhanced by gadolinium. Treatment with albendazole 500 mg/day for six weeks ameliorated the Lhermitte's sign and MRI lesions, and reduced the anti-Ascaris suum antibody titers in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid. Larva migrans of Ascaris suum involving the central nervous system is considered to be extremely rare, but such cases showing mild neurologic impairment without systemic symptoms may have been overlooked.
We report a case of alveolar echinococcosis. To our knowledge this is the first report of human alveolar echinococcosis to be confirmed in the UK and if contracted in Afghanistan the first report for that country.
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Infections due to microsporidia are being recognized increasingly, especially in AIDS patients. A patient with disseminated microsporidiosis with advanced renal failure due to Encephalitozoon cuniculi (confirmed by culture and polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) is described. The organism from urine and sputum was characterized by culture, Weber's chromotrope-based staining, transmission electron microscopy, and indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) tests. PCR was done on DNA extracted from the infected cell cultures. Treatment with albendazole resulted in improvement in serum creatinine levels, complete disappearance of spores from sputum, a negative urine culture, and a 3-log decline in the number of spores in the urine, as evidenced by chromotrope-based staining. IIF and PCR were used to confirm E. cuniculi as the etiologic agent. Our findings indicate that disseminated microsporidiosis with renal failure in AIDS is treatable.
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We report the case of a woman with pruritis and eosinophilia. Microfilariae of M. perstans were observed on both cervicovaginal and blood smears. The patient was successfully treated with a combined single dose of 400 mg of albendazole and ivermectin (150 μg/kg).
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Government owned plantations in low-country regions of Sri Lanka with poor sanitary facilities.
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The clinical course and sequel of the life-threatening gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding during the treatment of strongyloides helmintic hyperinfection induced by immunosuppression in a patient with multiple myeloma is presented. A 55-year old male patient was diagnosed with strongyloides infection with stool analysis and intestinal biopsy shortly after his combined chemotherapy for myeloma. He was commenced on albendazole anthelmintic therapy. However, after initiation of the treatment he suffered life-threatening GI bleeding. Repeated endoscopies, including intraoperative enteroscopy, concluded to diffuse multifocal intestinal bleeding. The patient required huge amounts of red blood cells and plasma transfusions and correction of haemostasis with recombinant activated factor VII. Abdominal aorto-angiography showed numerous microaneurysms ("berry aneurysms") in the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries' territories. While the biopsy taken prior to the treatment with albendazole did not show evidence of vasculitis, the biopsy taken after initiation of therapy revealed leukoclastic aggregations around the vessels which was also consistent with vasculitis. These findings suggest that--in addition to direct destruction of the mucosa-vasculitis could be an important additive factor to the massive GI bleeding during the anthelmintic treatment. This might result from substances released by the worms that have been killed with anthelmintic drugs. Current guidelines advise steroids to be tapered and stopped in case of systematic parasitic infections as they reduce immunity and precipitate parasitic hyperinfection. In our pinion, steroid therapy might be of value in the management of strongyloides hyperinfection related vasculitis--in addition to the specific anthelmintic treatment. Indeed, steroid therapy of vasculitis with other means of supportive care yielded in sequel of the bleeding and in recovery of the patient.
Calculated efficacies differed between equations, and the equation which did not utilise an untreated control yielded significantly lower efficacy estimates on both farms. Faecal cultures varied considerably in the proportions of parasite genera recovered. In general, this did not differ between FEC groups, except on Farm 1 where Haemonchus spp were more common and Cooperia spp less common in high-FEC samples. Estimated efficacies against individual genera varied considerably or very little, depending on the level of resistance. On both farms, differing proportions of tests against some genera passed or failed FECRTs based on a threshold pass mark of > or =95% FECR.
Univariate distribution of variables was assessed and comparison between categorical variables and continuous variables was done using a Chi-square test and student's t-test, respectively. Odds ratio was calculated to assess associations.
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Percutaneous treatment of hepatic hydatid disease was successful in 33 patients (97.1%). During follow-up, US findings in the lesions changed significantly; at year 1, the inner content of the lesions became heterogeneous with a semisolid appearance, and the mean reduction in volume was 81.4%. At 2-year follow-up, most hydatid cysts had become solid in nature and the reduction in volume reached 65%-99% (mean, 85.1%). There were no recurrences or additional lesions after the follow-up of 1-6 years (mean, 3.1 years). Average hospital stay for the whole group in this study was 3.5 days.
Taenia solium is a zoonotic cestode that causes taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans. The parasite is traditionally found in developing countries where undercooked pork is consumed under poor sanitary conditions and/or as part of traditional food cultures. However, the recent increase in international tourism and immigration is spreading the disease into non-endemic developed countries such as the United States. Although there has been concern that the number of cysticercosis cases is increasing in Japan, the current situation is not clear. This is largely because taeniasis and cysticercosis are not notifiable conditions in Japan and because there have been no comprehensive reviews of T. solium infections in Japan conducted in the last 15 years. Herein, we provide an overview of the status of T. solium infection in Japan over the past 35 years and point out the potential risks to Japanese society.
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Se denomina hidatidosis a la zoonosis parasitaria que causa la infección de herbívoros o del hombre con el estado larval (hidátide) de parásitos del género Echinococcus. La hidatidosis pediátrica exhibe un patrón de presentación distinto a la adulta, el pulmón es el órgano afectado con mayor frecuencia. La hidatidosis hepatopulmonar es una entidad inusual en los niños. Se presenta un caso clínico y una breve revisión del tema en la literatura. El caso clínico es un escolar de 13 años procedente de la comuna de Cauquenes, con cuadro clínico de tres meses de evolución de tos, fiebre, compromiso del estado general y masa abdominal en el último mes. A través de imágenes se evidencian múltiples quistes pulmonares de predominio derecho y quistes hepáticos. El paciente recibe tratamiento con albendazol 15 mg/kg/día y se deriva a la unidad de cirugía infantil del Hospital Regional de Talca para resolución quirúrgica. Es sometido a toracotomía y laparotomía para extirpación de hidátides. Evolucionó favorablemente y continuó con tratamiento médico. La hidatidosis es un problema de salud pública nacional, causante de alta morbimortalidad. Su presentación puede ser asintomática, por lo que requiere de un alto índice de sospecha para diagnosticarla.
In developing countries, both marginal vitamin A status and intestinal helminths are common among children. Indonesian children (n = 309, 0.6-6.6 y), known to be infected with Ascaris lumbricoides, were randomized into six different treatment groups (A-F). The treatments included 210 mumol vitamin A supplement and a dose of 400 mg albendazole (5-propylthio-1H-benzimidazol-2-yl carbamic acid methyl ester) administered orally either at the same health visit (Groups B and F) or at different contact times during a 1-mo period (groups A, C, D and E). Vitamin A status was assessed both before and 3-4 wk after the treatments by the modified relative dose response (MRDR) test. Vitamin A supplementation was most important in improving the vitamin A status (P < 0.0001) of these children, whereas treatment for ascariasis alone (P = 0.370) and the statistical interaction between treatment for ascariasis and vitamin A (P = 0.752) were not. Serum retinol concentrations marginally improved (P = 0.051) in two of the groups that received vitamin A and albendazole but not in the third group that received vitamin A only. The MRDR test proved a better discriminator of the effects of these treatments on vitamin A status than changes in serum retinol concentrations.
Twenty-two cases of hepatic hydatidosis are evaluated and treated by surgery. Perioperative albendazole treatment was given in a dose of 12-15 mg/kg/day in 4 divided doses. The treatment began 5-20 days before the surgery and continued 3-7 months in a cyclic monthly form, until latex agglutination tests were negative. In the postoperative period, hematological, ultrasonography and computed tomography scan evaluation was carried out. The follow-up period for 21 patients was 6-31 months (mean: 20.52 months).
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Co-administering ivermectin notably increased the projected impact of preventive chemotherapy in high transmission settings and increased the feasibility for breaking transmission. This has important implications for control programmes, some of which may be shifting focus from morbidity control to interruption of transmission, and some of which may be logistically unable to provide preventive chemotherapy twice a year as recommended. However, the benefit of co-administering ivermectin is limited by the fact that 2-5 year olds are often ineligible to receive treatment.
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